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How to Spot the Difference Between Hyperthyroidism Vs. Hypothyroidism

Confused about the difference between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism? It’s not just you. The words that seem similar to one another are frequently confused, but they have opposite meanings.

More than 12% of Americans will have a thyroid issue at some time in their life. However, thyroid illness frequently remains undiagnosed—up to 60% of people are unaware they have it, which highlights the significance of routine monitoring. Both illnesses are serious and require medical attention from your doctor.

What are the Two Main Types of Thyroid Disease?

The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that play a significant role in nearly every cell in your body. Thyroid hormones aid with the digestion of food as well as regulate your heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature.

Hyperthyroidism is when you have an overactive thyroid, or when it generates excessive amounts of thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, is when the thyroid is underactive, so it does not produce enough hormones the body needs.

The symptoms of these two illnesses usually differ. However, the signs and symptoms can sometimes overlap. Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism have different causes and treatments.

Hypothyroidism is more prevalent than hyperthyroidism in the United States. However, having an overactive thyroid followed by an underactive thyroid or vice versa is not unusual.

Hyperthyroidism Causes and Symptoms

The three most common causes of hyperthyroidism are thyroiditis, or thyroid inflammation; a thyroid nodule that overproduces the hormone thyroxine (T4); and Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disease.

Your body’s functions speed up when you have an overactive thyroid. This may initially offer you more energy. However, it doesn’t last long. You’ll soon tire out since your body isn’t designed to keep up with this rapid speed. Other signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Fatigue
  • Feeling extra warm
  • Increased sweating
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Hand tremor
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Diarrhea
  • Hair loss
  • Anxiety and nervousness
  • Insomnia
  • Bulging eyes
  • Muscle weakness
  • Light and short periods

Do not put off being tested for hyperthyroidism if you are experiencing its symptoms. Your health might be suffering without your knowledge.

Even if you haven’t yet seen any symptoms but have been given a hyperthyroidism diagnosis, you should still adhere to your doctor’s treatment recommendations. Before choosing one course of treatment, weigh all the advantages and disadvantages. The sooner you start treatment for your overactive thyroid, the less long-term damage the disease can do.

Hypothyroidism Causes and Symptoms

The most common reason for having hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. This autoimmune disorder makes your body target your immune system. As a result, the thyroid eventually stops releasing hormones, which results in hypothyroidism.

Another cause of hypothyroidism is low iodine. However, because table salt is now fortified with iodine, this has mostly been eliminated in the United States. But recently, the prevalence of hypothyroidism caused by iodine deficiency has increased as a result of the popularity of “natural” sea salts.

When you have an underactive thyroid, your body’s functions slow down, which results in a variety of symptoms like feeling drained and lethargic. The symptoms depend on the severity of your illness. Usually, serious health problems can take years to develop.

The signs of hypothyroidism, such as weariness and weight gain, may first go unnoticed. You could also believe that they are a natural aspect of aging. However, as your metabolism continues to decrease, you might experience more obvious issues. The symptoms of hypothyroidism are:

  • Fatigue
  • Feeling extra cold
  • Decrease in sweating
  • Slow heart rate
  • Constipation
  • Weight gain
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Hair loss
  • Irritability and depression
  • Insomnia
  • Puffy face
  • Heavy and irregular periods

Consult your doctor if you feel fatigued all the time, or if you have other hypothyroidism symptoms. Without proper treatment, an underactive thyroid can result in major issues with both physical and mental health.

Even babies can develop hypothyroidism. The majority of newborns with a thyroid gland that is absent or that isn’t functioning properly don’t exhibit symptoms immediately. However, if hypothyroidism is left undiagnosed and untreated, symptoms start to show up. Infants may start to show:

  • Poor growth
  • Poor weight
  • Feeding problems
  • Constipation
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Jaundice, a condition that results in the yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes
  • Enlarged tongue
  • Hoarse crying

Even minor cases of hypothyroidism can impair a child’s ability to develop physically and mentally if left untreated.

What are the Complications of Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism?

Your thyroid plays a crucial role in your body by producing and managing thyroid hormones that regulate metabolism. Your body converts the food you eat into energy through a process called metabolism. Then, your entire body uses this energy to maintain many of its systems functioning properly.

However, if there’s an imbalance of hormones, your body’s health is put at risk. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can lead to major health issues, including:

  • Heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Thinning bones
  • Osteoporosis
  • Muscle problems
  • Menstrual problems
  • Fertility issues

Untreated hypothyroidism can result in several additional health issues, such as:

  • Heart problems
  • Goiter
  • Trouble breathing
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Birth defects
  • Infertility

Who can be Affected by Thyroid Disease?

Anyone can get thyroid illness, including men, women, children, teens, and the elderly. It might develop as you get older or it can be present at birth (usually hypothyroidism). Thyroid problems are very common. But a woman is five to eight times more likely to get a thyroid disease diagnosis than a man.

You may be more likely to get a thyroid problem if you are one of the following:

  • Have a family history of thyroid problems
  • Take an iodine-rich medicine
  • Ages 60 and up, especially women
  • Have medical ailments like anemia, diabetes and lupus
  • Had a previous treatment for any thyroid disease

What is the Prognosis of Thyroid Disease?

The prognosis between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism varies. With hypothyroidism, treatment may help with overall symptoms, but it’s a disease you’ll probably need to manage for the rest of your life. However, because every case is unique, you should discuss your condition with your doctor to know what to expect.

When it comes to hyperthyroidism, it is not permanent. Your thyroid hormone levels will return to normal if the antithyroid drugs are effective. Thus, having normal thyroid functions. 

However, if hyperthyroidism recurs after you stop taking medicine or if the treatment causes negative effects, your doctor may advise thyroid removal. It is more likely that surgery plus radioactive iodine will end hyperthyroidism. Although when you follow these therapies, there’s a chance that you get hypothyroidism, for which you’ll need daily medicine.

How is Thyroid Disease Diagnosed?

Diagnosing hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can be challenging because the symptoms of these illnesses0 are sometimes mistaken for those of other disorders. Another reason is when you age or are pregnant, you could have symptoms that are comparable to those you would have if you have thyroid illness.

Fortunately, several tests can assist in determining whether the origin of your symptoms is a thyroid problem. These tests are:

  1. Blood test

Blood testing is one of the most reliable techniques to identify a thyroid issue. By detecting the level of thyroid hormones in your blood, thyroid blood tests are used to determine if your thyroid gland is working normally.

Blood is drawn for these tests from a vein in your arm. The result of this test will show if you have an overactive or an underactive thyroid. Other specific blood tests can also be done to check if you have thyroid disorders such as:

  • Thyroiditis
  • Graves’ Disease
  • Goiter
  • Hashimoto’s Disease
  • Thyroid nodule
  • Thyroid cancer
  1. Imaging tests

In many instances, examining the thyroid may provide a wealth of information. Your doctor may do a thyroid scan, which is an imaging test. This enables your medical professional to examine your thyroid and search for any changes in size, shape, or abnormal growths (nodules).

Your healthcare provider may also do an ultrasound. It usually takes about half an hour. There’s typically no preparation before the ultrasound. You don’t need to fast or change your diet.

  1. Physical exam

A physical examination conducted by your doctor is another easy approach to checking your thyroid. Your provider will feel your neck for any lumps or thyroid enlargements as part of this quick and painless examination.


Finding a trustworthy thyroid care professional who will work with you in assessing your treatment options is the first step in managing your thyroid illness. You’ll be prepared to recognize and address the inevitable symptoms of thyroid disease if you are proactive and open to your physician.

While there are specific approaches that can help you with some of the symptoms, having a healthy diet and practicing good sleep hygiene will greatly help with your overall health. Additionally, managing stress will limit the production of stress hormones that negatively affect your thyroid.

7 Lifestyle Habits That Can Lead to Thyroid Conditions 

Many people are raising awareness about the thyroid gland. Yes, you’ve heard of it, but can you tell exactly where it is and what it does? The condition of your thyroid affects various critical body functions. But surprisingly, up to 60% of people with thyroid dysfunction are completely unaware of their condition.

What Is The Thyroid?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck. Even though it’s small, it’s a significant gland in the endocrine system which plays a major role in the human body. It connects and controls most of the hormones our body needs to function well. 

Despite its small size, the thyroid gland releases different hormones affecting every cell, tissue, and organ in the body. Here are some functions of the this gland:

  • regulates the body temperature and metabolism
  • maintains a steady heart rate
  • influences mood
  • facilitates cognitive function
  • modulates the amount of cholesterol in the blood
  • improves bone health 
  • fertility

What Are The Different Thyroid Hormones?

The hormones produced by the thyroid are the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) which is needed to make other hormones; Thyroxine (T4) which is the inactive form of the thyroid hormone; and Triiodothyronine (T3) which is the active form of the thyroid hormone responsible for the increase in metabolic activity.

Thyroid hormones maintain homeostasis that targets practically every tissue in the body. Homeostasis is required to provide metabolic regulation throughout life. They are constantly altering due to internal and environmental stimuli, including feeding, fasting, and changes in climatic circumstances. 

These hormones also work in tandem with other endocrine components to help the body to adapt to physiological and pathological demands such as growth, weight change, pregnancy, and aging.

What Are The Symptoms Of An Unhealthy Thyroid?

Over time, the thyroid may become imbalanced due to harmful dietary and lifestyle decisions. And when this happens, hormone production suffers dramatically. As a result, you are at high risk for various disorders. Some symptoms of an imbalance in thyroid hormones are:

  • A lack of energy
  • Irritability
  • Weariness
  • Weight loss
  • Weight gain

What Are The Two Thyroid Problems?


Hypothyroidism is a disorder in which the thyroid produces and releases insufficient hormones into your system. This slows your metabolism, impacting your entire body. Another name for this ailment is underactive thyroid disease.

People of various ages, genders, and races can be affected by hypothyroidism. It’s a prevalent ailment, especially among women over 60. Women are typically more prone to develop hypothyroidism after menopause.

The symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Gaining weight
  • Muscle weakness
  • Numbness
  • Tingling in the hands
  • Unable to withstand cold temperatures
  • Experiencing low sexual interest.

It can become a severe and sometimes fatal medical problem if you do not seek hypothyroidism treatment. Symptoms might worsen, leading to:

  • Heart problems
  • Trouble breathing
  • Inability to maintain a normal body temperature
  • Developing a goiter


Hyperthyroidism is a disorder in which your thyroid produces and releases excessive amounts of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. This process speeds up your metabolism. An overactive thyroid is another name for this condition.

Hyperthyroidism is a very uncommon condition. Although hyperthyroidism may affect anybody, it is more frequent in women.

The symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Palpitations
  • Vision changes
  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Menstrual changes

If left untreated, your vascular and skeletal systems are at risk. Other complications include congestive heart failure, osteoporosis, and stroke.

Thyroid abnormalities are also becoming more closely linked to an increased risk of acquiring other ailments. Examples of these are:

  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Obesity
  • Renal disease
  • Depression 
  • Anxiety disorders.

7 Lifestyle Habits You Can Change to Keep Your Thyroid Healthy

Poor Sleeping Patterns

Sleeping well has a direct impact on your mental and physical well-being. If you don’t get enough sleep, it may negatively affect your energy, productivity, emotional balance, and even weight. 

Sleep and your circadian components are fundamental to achieving optimum thyroid functions. Your sleeping patterns may influence your susceptibility to illnesses.

According to one study, those who get less sleep—less than seven hours—are more likely to develop hyperthyroidism. Those who sleep more than eight hours may be more susceptible to overactive and underactive thyroid function.

Sleep also keeps cortisol, the stress hormone, in check. Additionally, getting enough sleep helps maintain a strong immune system. Thyroid dysfunction is more likely to occur in persons with weakened immune systems. 

To sleep better, stay away from bright screens 1-2 hours before bedtime. Regular exercise, avoiding caffeine, and deep breathwork can help you relax more. Setting up a healthy sleeping environment in a comfortable way enables you to stay asleep for more extended periods of time. Keeping it cool and dark will also make your brain secrete more melatonin to make you fall asleep faster.

Unhealthy Eating Habits

Foods with low nutritional value are one of the primary root causes of thyroid disorders since it is a nutrient-dependent gland. And the deficiency in these nutrients will negatively affect thyroid hormone production.

A well-balanced diet is essential for lifelong thyroid health. You can achieve this by increasing your intake of the following:

  • Antioxidant-rich fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Lean meat
  • Whole grains
  • Probiotic foods
  • Omega-3 fatty fish
  • Extra-virgin olive, avocado, and coconut oil

It would also help if you tried limiting your consumption of processed foods. Those with high trans fats, sugar, preservatives, and even those with “sugar-free” substitutes can only hurt your health.

Nutrients Needed For The Proper Functioning Of Thyroid


According to the American Thyroid Association, iodine insufficiency is one cause of thyroid problems. Iodine must be consumed as part of our diet because the body needs it to manufacture TSH. And since our bodies can’t make iodine, it should be a part of your diet. The following is a list of foods that are excellent sources of iodine:

  • Table salt
  • Seafood 
  • Saltwater fish 
  • Shellfish 
  • Seaweed 
  • Dairy products 
  • Any iodized product

To avoid disrupting your thyroid hormone levels, it would be best if you would consume them in moderation.

Vitamin D

A lack of vitamin D may progress to Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune disorder that causes hypothyroidism. Vitamin D deficiency is also dangerous for people with hyperthyroidism, making them prone to bone loss. 

Dairy products, eggs, mushrooms, and fatty fish are all excellent sources of vitamin D. One way to obtain enough vitamin D naturally is through regular sun exposure.


Another mineral responsible for sustaining the thyroid hormone and metabolism is selenium. However, because your body does not produce selenium. The only method to obtain it is by supplementation and consuming foods like:

  • Crab
  • Lobster
  • Tuna
  • Organ Meats
  • Brazil nuts
  • Sunflower seeds
Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is needed to develop red blood cells and cognitive function. So it isn’t surprising that a vitamin B12 deficiency affects 40% of hypothyroidism patients. Animal products are good sources of vitamin B12. Examples are:

  • Muscle meat 
  • Fish 
  • Mollusks 
  • Poultry 
  • Eggs 
  • Milk and other dairy products

Balance,  just like with everything else, is required to keep things running smoothly. Too little or too much of certain foods is unhealthy for your body. These are just a few guidelines for a thyroid-friendly diet. 

However, it is important to consult a medical practitioner before developing a diet plan for your thyroid health. Checking with a physician is especially crucial if you currently have a condition affecting your thyroid.

Sedentary Lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle with low physical movement results in people having low thyroxine. Take note that it’s the hormone responsible for essential body functions like heart rate and energy levels. The lack of physical activity is unhealthy and puts people at risk of an underactive thyroid.

Several benefits of regular exercise include:

  • Enhances the different thyroid functions
  • Relieves thyroid disease symptoms like muscle loss and low energy
  • Helps with improving your cardiovascular fitness
  • Increases strength and muscle mass
  • Regulates metabolism
  • Improves mood
  • Helps you lose weight

Regular exercise is beneficial to your health. Just don’t go overboard. Overexertion can impair the body’s capacity to transform the inactive thyroid hormone, T4, into active thyroid hormone, T3. And when this process does not happen effectively, it might create hypothyroidism symptoms.

Low-impact exercises are perfect for persons who have or are at risk of having a thyroid condition. Other low-impact workouts such as walking and yoga are better fitness options to prevent joint discomfort. Joint pains and muscle tenderness are usual side effects if you have thyroid problems. 


Every single organ system in the body is affected by the consequences of cigarette smoking. The thyroid gland also suffers just as much as the lungs and heart from the damaging effects of tobacco.

Tobacco smoke includes chemicals affecting the thyroid gland’s function and the thyroid gland itself. Tobacco contains cyanide, which, when smoked, transforms into the chemical thiocyanate. 

Thiocyanate hinders the absorption of iodine, reducing the production of hormones T4 and T3. It causes a rise in iodine excretion from the kidneys. This raises the risk of inflammation of the thyroid gland and has constitutional symptoms, including fever, nausea, and stomach discomfort.

The apparent benefits of smoking pales in comparison to the advantages of quitting. Because the bottom line remains—smoking won’t do anything but exacerbate thyroid symptoms, speed up the progression of thyroid illness, and reduce the efficiency of thyroid treatment.

Drastic Changes In Diet

In this fast-paced world, when we rarely have time to exercise, a quick weight loss, such as a crash diet, is quite enticing. A crash diet is when you dramatically reduce your calorie intake for a few days. Subsequently, this has become a recent trend among people.

If you’re rapidly trying to lose weight in a short period, you need to keep in mind that starving yourself is not a wise idea. One of the numerous issues with crash diets and fasting is they are particularly damaging to your thyroid. 

When you drastically limit your calorie intake or deprive your body of food for extended periods, you signal your body and, more specifically, your thyroid that you are experiencing hunger. And then, it will do everything it can to keep you going.

One of its survival tactics is for the thyroid to produce reverse T3, a hormone responsible for slowing your metabolism. This can lead to weight gain even if you don’t eat as much as usual. Thus, if you’re trying to lose weight, crash diets will only worsen it in the long run.

And although the promise of quickly losing weight is appealing, crash diets have a number of drawbacks, so you should reconsider putting your body through one.

The key to good health is to consume lots of nutritious foods like fresh vegetables and fruits, lean meat, and drink lots of water. Limit the intake of refined sugar and sweeteners, and other junk food. Keep in mind that weight loss will not happen unless hormones are balanced.

Poor Stress Management

The term “stress” appears to be all too common in the modern environment. Chronic stress is when you feel a persistent and prolonged experience of being under intense pressure. Another reason is being completely overburdened with responsibilities.

Poor handling of stress might not only harm your general health and well-being, but it can also negatively affect your thyroid. When you are stressed, your body releases the cortisol hormone. Thus, it is more difficult for your thyroid gland to generate the necessary hormones. Stress can also make you more susceptible to Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and slow down thyroid function.

Stress affects the thyroid by slowing your body’s metabolism. This is another reason why stress and weight gain are correlated. When we are stressed, hormone levels drop because thyroid activity slows down. Stress can also raise thyroid receptor cell resistance to the thyroid hormone and impair the immune system.

Stress management and mindfulness strategies should be included in your everyday routine. Taking time to reflect, calm your mind, and meditate can aid in the relaxation of the body. As a result, relaxing reduces stress and lowers its negative effects on your thyroid.

Unwinding and relaxing can be accomplished through a variety of means. Some people find engaging in craft activities helps them achieve a state of mental peace. Moreover, some people find doing yoga, deep breathing methods, and writing down their thoughts help in achieving their peace of mind. 

And for some, even just going for a walk or being outside significantly improves their mental health.

Caffeine Addiction

Each year, the expansion and evolution in the coffee market reveal more and more people are choosing this delicious drink. Many working individuals have demanding schedules and rely on coffee to wake them up and to feel energetic so they can get through their day.

It shouldn’t come as a surprise that the average coffee drinker in the United States consumes 3.1 cups of coffee per day. However, it has been demonstrated in a number of studies that coffee results in an increase in the amount of sugar in the blood. This can cause difficulties with the thyroid and exhaust the adrenal glands.

Coffee also influences the function of the thyroid when you are drinking several cups of coffee. As a consequence, this results in an overproduction of the stress hormones cortisol and epinephrine. This can lead to having your body in a prolonged state of anxiety.

Many workers have shifted to decaf coffee beverages to avoid the negative consequences of caffeine. But decaffeinated coffee is subjected to extensive chemical treatment to remove the caffeine. As a result, decaf is not as beneficial to your health as you think it will be. 

There is a lot of media advertising promoting decaf as a healthy alternative. Nevertheless, drink it in moderation. Because chemically processed foods are devoid of nutrients and may worsen health issues.

Consuming an excessive amount of caffeine can lead to a variety of adverse health effects, including:

  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Headaches
  • Insomnia
  • Dehydration
  • Anxiety

What Are The Early Warning Signs Of Thyroid Problems?

A thyroid problem may be present if your body exhibits weariness and fatigue after a full night’s sleep. Other telltale signs are:

  • Undesired weight changes
  • Lethargy
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Infertility 

And suppose you are experiencing the ailments mentioned above despite maintaining a healthy diet and a consistent exercise routine. In that case, it may be an indication that it is time for you to make an appointment to have your thyroid examined.

Symptoms that go undiagnosed and untreated can lead to conditions such as chronic heart disease, vision problems, and even thyroid cancer. In order to identify the course of treatment that will be most effective for you, please discuss your options with your primary care physician.

Final Note

Improving your thyroid health is possible if you maintain an up-to-date knowledge of thyroid diseases. The essential habits to keep your thyroid functioning well are maintaining a healthy lifestyle, making regular doctor visits, and adhering to the prescribed medical treatment plan.

5 Things to Avoid If You Have Hypothyroidism

Did you know that one in ten Americans have a thyroid condition? And of those with a thyroid condition, the vast majority have hypothyroidism. If you are one of the millions of Americans who suffer from hypothyroidism, it’s important to be aware of the things that can aggravate your condition. Read on to know the five things that can make your hypothyroidism worse.

What is Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. There are a few key things to know about this condition. First, it’s important to understand what the thyroid is and what it does. The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. It produces hormones regulating many important bodily functions, including metabolism.

Hypothyroidism can develop at any age, but it’s most common in middle-aged and older women. It’s also more likely to occur in people with certain medical conditions, such as an autoimmune disease, diabetes, or a history of thyroid surgery.

There are a few different types of hypothyroidism, each with its cause. The most common type is called primary hypothyroidism. This occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone on its own. 

On the other hand, secondary hypothyroidism happens when the pituitary gland (located at the base of your brain) doesn’t produce enough of a hormone that signals the thyroid to produce its hormone. Finally, central hypothyroidism is a combination of both primary and secondary hypothyroidism.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

There are a few symptoms of hypothyroidism, and they can range from mild to severe. Here are some common symptoms of the condition:


This is one of the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism. People with hypothyroidism often feel really exhausted, even if they’ve had a full night’s sleep.

Weight gain

Many people with hypothyroidism find that they start to gain weight, even if their diet and exercise habits haven’t changed.


This is another common symptom of hypothyroidism. When your thyroid isn’t functioning properly, it can slow down your digestive system, leading to constipation.

Dry skin

People with hypothyroidism often have dry, flaky skin.

Hair loss

This is another symptom that an underactive thyroid can cause. When your thyroid isn’t working properly, it can cause your hair to fall out.

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor so they can test for hypothyroidism. If you have hypothyroidism, some treatments can help you feel better. So don’t wait to get help if you think you might have a problem!

How Hypothyroidism is Diagnosed

There are a few different ways that doctors can diagnose hypothyroidism. The most common way is to do a physical exam. Your doctor will look for signs of hypothyroidism, such as a goiter (an enlarged thyroid gland) or dry skin.

If your doctor suspects you have the condition, they may also order a TSH test. This test measures the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level in your blood. The pituitary gland produces TSH. It helps to control the thyroid gland. If the level of TSH is high, the thyroid gland is not working properly.

If you have any of the signs or symptoms of hypothyroidism, be sure to see your doctor so they can diagnose and treat the condition.

Things To Avoid If You Have Hypothyroidism

If you’re one of the millions of Americans suffering from hypothyroidism, there are some things you should avoid. Here are five things to steer clear of:

Refined sugars and processed carbs

One of the worst things you can eat if you have hypothyroidism is refined sugar and processed carbs. These foods can cause spikes in blood sugar, leading to increased insulin levels. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels, and when it’s out of balance, it can cause problems for people with hypothyroidism. Processed carbs can also interfere with the absorption of thyroid hormones, so it’s best to avoid them if you have this condition.

Moreover,  refined sugars and processed carbs can also cause inflammation, exacerbating hypothyroidism symptoms. So, if you want to keep your thyroid healthy, it’s best to avoid these kinds of food. Instead, focus on eating whole, unprocessed foods rich in nutrients. These nutrient-rich foods will help keep your blood sugar levels stable and provide your body with the thyroid hormone replacement needed to function properly.


Soy is one of those “healthy” foods that actually isn’t all that great for you, especially if you have hypothyroidism. Soy contains compounds called goitrogens, which can interfere with the proper functioning of your thyroid gland. So if you’re looking to keep your thyroid healthy, it’s best to avoid soy.

Other foods that contain goitrogens include cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli. So if you can’t live without your greens, just make sure to cook them thoroughly before eating to limit the goitrogen content.


Alcohol and hypothyroidism don’t mix. Alcohol can interfere with thyroid hormone production, which can worsen hypothyroidism. It can also increase the risk of developing other autoimmune diseases.

Moreover, drinking alcohol can cause or worsen many symptoms of hypothyroidism, including fatigue, weight gain, depression, and brain fog. So if you’re struggling with hypothyroidism, it’s best to avoid alcohol altogether.

Poor Weight Management

If you’re struggling with hypothyroidism, one of the worst things you can do is neglect your weight. Not only will being overweight put extra strain on your already taxed thyroid gland, but it can also lead to other health problems like diabetes and high blood pressure. So if you’re carrying around a few extra pounds, now is the time to start working on shedding them.

There are a few different ways to lose weight, but one of the best is simply eating a healthy, balanced diet and getting some regular exercise. This may sound like common sense, but it’s often easier said than done. Remember, every little bit helps, so don’t get discouraged if you don’t see results immediately. With a little patience and perseverance, you’ll be feeling better in no time.

Missing Your Medication

Taking your thyroid medication regularly is crucial to managing your condition. If you miss a dose, it can throw off your entire system and make it difficult to regulate your thyroid hormone levels.

If you miss your thyroid medication, there’s a good chance you’ll start to feel some symptoms of hypothyroidism. These can include fatigue, weight gain, constipation, depression, and feeling cold all the time.

If you’re on levothyroxine, the most common type of thyroid medication, it’s important to take it first thing in the morning, on an empty stomach, and at least 30 minutes before eating. If you miss a dose, try to take it as soon as you remember. But if it’s almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue on your regular schedule. Don’t take two doses at once.

Missing thyroid medication can also cause your thyroid hormone levels to drop too low, which can lead to a condition called myxedema coma. This is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.

If you’re forgetful, it might help to set a reminder on your phone or put your medication in a place where you’ll see it every day. You could also ask a friend or family member to remind you to take your medication.

Bottom Line

If you’re one of the millions of Americans suffering from hypothyroidism, it’s important to be aware of the things that can worsen your symptoms. By avoiding these five things, you may be able to feel better and reduce some of your symptoms.

If you want to make changes in your life and feel better, we’re here to help. Our team of experts can create a treatment plan tailored specifically for you to help get your thyroid back on track. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help.

7 Foods To Avoid If You Have Hyperthyroidism

If you have hyperthyroidism, you know the difficulties of having an overactive thyroid. You are constantly hungry, but you continue to lose weight no matter how much you eat. You are restless and have trouble sleeping. These are just a few signs that your thyroid releases too many hormones.

What is Hyperthyroidism?

The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland at the front of the neck. Thyroid hormones regulate how the body uses energy. Thus, they affect every organ in your body.

Hyperthyroidism, also known as overactive thyroid, is when the thyroid gland produces too many hormones than your body needs. This is why many of your body’s activities speed up with too much thyroid hormone.

The symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Increased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Muscle weakness
  • Palpitations
  • Menstrual changes
  • Increased sensitivity to heat

In addition, there’s also a high risk of getting other ailments like:

  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Osteoporosis
  • Eye problems
  • Stroke
  • Depression
  • Anxiety disorders

What Causes Hyperthyroidism?

  • Overactive Thyroid Nodules

Nodules, or lumps, in the thyroid, are caused by a thyroid that works too hard. They are common and are usually not cancerous. But one or more of the nodules may start making too much thyroid hormone. Most nodules that are too active are found in people over the age of 50.

  • Graves’ Disease

Graves’ disease is the most common autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism. This illness attacks your thyroid, creating more thyroid hormones than it needs to.

  • Excessive Iodine

Your thyroid needs iodine to produce thyroid hormone. The amount of iodine you take in affects how much hormone your thyroid makes. In some people, if they get too much iodine, their thyroids may produce too much thyroid hormone.

  • Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis is the inflammation of your thyroid gland. Various types of thyroiditis can cause thyroid hormones to leak into your blood. This makes you prone to hyperthyroidism symptoms.

Foods to Avoid if You Have Hyperthyroidism

A person’s diet and lifestyle is a key factor that affects the thyroid. The thyroid is a nutrient-dependent gland, so it’s helpful to steer clear of foods with low nutritional value. Moroever, some foods can help with symptoms, while others can worsen or mess with the treatments.

There are also some foods you need to watch out for if you already have hyperthyroidism. These foods can interfere with proper thyroid function and lead to worse complications. Thus, consider avoiding the following foods to help support your thyroid therapies. 

Iodine Rich Foods

Iodine is a mineral that boosts thyroid gland activity. Hence, taking too much iodine can result in the thyroid gland producing a lot of thyroid hormones. That’s why too much iodine harms an already too active thyroid.

It would help if you considered avoiding foods high in iodine, such as:

  • Fish (sardine, tuna, salmon, cod)
  • Seaweed (kombu, kelp, nori)
  • Oysters and shrimp
  • Dairy products (cheese, milk, yogurt)
  • Chicken
  • Iodine supplements

Children, the elderly, and those with pre-existing thyroid disease are prone to iodine poisoning. If you get too much iodine, it can cause:

  • Fever
  • Burning in the mouth, throat, and stomach
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Weak pulse

Cruciferous Vegetables

Vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower are high in nutrients that are good for the body. However, they contain goitrogens, which interfere with thyroid hormone production. High intake of goitrogens leads to:

  • Blocking of iodine absorption
  • Reducing the Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) 
  • Slowing down the release of thyroid hormones

Other cruciferous vegetables to avoid are:

  • Bok Choy
  • Cabbage
  • Kale
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Arugula
  • Radish

Cooking these vegetables reduces their harmful effect. Before eating a small portion, try steaming or blanching them. Also, try adding foods rich in iron, zinc, and calcium. 


Gluten is a protein in various grains such as wheat, barley, and rye. Some people have different reactions to gluten. If a person is allergic to gluten, their immune system may start to react to thyroid tissue. When this happens, the immune cells attack and destroy thyroid tissue. Thus, gluten harms the thyroid and causes thyroid inflammation.

Limiting gluten may be beneficial even if you do not have a gluten allergy or sensitivity. It’s also important not to depend on processed gluten-free foods, for they may be low in nutrients. Additionally, they contain many calories, sugar, sodium, and saturated fat. Examples are gluten-free cookies, chips, and other snacks. These foods contain unfortified rice, tapioca, corn, and potato flour.


Soy is a high-quality protein that aids in the control of cholesterol and blood pressure. Moreover, soy products can also reduce the risk of heart problems. However, several thyroid conditions, including hypothyroidism, goiter, and autoimmune thyroid disease, have been linked to soy consumption.

Soy can make it harder for the body to take in radioactive iodine, which is used to treat hyperthyroidism. This also applies to patients with other thyroid problems since soy intake can interfere with thyroid medication absorption. That’s why people with thyroid disease should avoid eating a lot of soy.

Soy sources include:

  • Soy milk
  • Tofu
  • Tempeh
  • Edamame beans
  • Soybeans

Dairy Products

Dairy products contain the hormone Insulin-like Growth Factor 1. This hormone boosts the production of sex hormones called androgens. As a result of the extra production of androgens, hormonal imbalances occur. 

When this happens, you should look out for the following symptoms:

  • Hirsutism (excess facial or body hair)
  • Alopecia (thinning hair on the head)
  • Persistent acne and oily skin
  • Obesity around mid-abdomen
  • Irregular menstrual periods

Furthermore, lactose intolerance is typical in those who have an overactive thyroid. Lactose intolerance is not being able to digest milk or products with milk. So it’s common to experience indigestion, bloating, and fatigue when consuming the following:

  • Milk
  • Cheese
  • Yogurt
  • Ice cream
  • Butter
  • Cream

Milk also causes an increase in insulin, affecting how the thyroid works and how inflammatory markers behave. You can try unsweetened coconut milk and nut cheeses that don’t have dairy.


Caffeine is a natural chemical that makes you feel more alert. It can be found in coffee, energy drinks, cocoa, and cola. Caffeine can intensify hyperthyroidism symptoms by increasing irritability, anxiety, and heart rate.

Caffeine also has an effect on thyroid function when consumed in large quantities. As a result, there is an overproduction of the stress chemical cortisol. This process can cause your body to remain anxious for an extended period of time.

Moreover, caffeine can briefly speed up the metabolism by using more fat. Keep in mind that the thyroid is in charge of keeping the body’s metabolism in check. Since caffeine can speed up the body’s metabolism, your thyroid gland has to work harder to keep your system balanced.


Alcohol is one of the world’s biggest causes of disease and disability. Research says it can directly stop the thyroid from working by damaging cells and killing them. Alcohol consumption has numerous disadvantages, including worsening hyperthyroidism. On top of that, alcohol has a detrimental effect on thyroid gland activity by reducing the body’s ability to utilize thyroid hormones.

Additionally, alcohol can deplete energy and cause sleep problems that come with hyperthyroidism. Alcohol consumption makes it harder for the body to absorb calcium and worsens calcium metabolism. Therefore, alcohol raises the risk of osteoporosis in hyperthyroid patients. Consider restricting or avoiding wine, beer, cocktails, and other alcoholic beverages entirely.

What Food is Good for Hyperthyroidism?

The optimal diet for hyperthyroidism is one high in calories and nutrients. People with hyperthyroidism should try to eat a healthy diet that includes:

  • Fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Leafy greens
  • Foods rich in selenium (brazil nuts, organ meats, eggs)
  • Foods rich in zinc (beef, lamb, mushroom, chickpeas)
  • Whole grains
  • Lean protein sources
  • Unsaturated fats
  • Unsalted nuts


Even though there’s no “one solution” to treat hyperthyroidism, avoiding these foods can help your treatment work better. Talk to your doctor about making changes to your diet, both short-term and long-term. This can help keep your thyroid balanced and protect you from the harmful effects of hyperthyroidism.

You can enjoy home-cooked, whole foods with low iodine. Avoid eating out, buying boxed meals, and buying processed sauces and marinades. There may be extra iodine in these.

In addition, you can talk to your healthcare provider before taking any supplements. They could interact with your medications or cause side effects if you use them on your own.

If you think you might have hyperthyroidism, you should go to a credible medical facility right away. Getting checked out, tested, and given the right treatment is crucial.

Hypertension Headaches: 4 Things You Need to Know

Everybody gets headaches, and most of us know what it’s like to have a pounding one. But there’s a type of headache that’s different from other headaches—and it can be deadly. Hypertension headaches are a common problem for people with high blood pressure. They can range from mild to severe in intensity and affect individuals of all ages and genders.

In this article, we’ll look at the four things you should know about hypertension headaches.

What Are Hypertension Headaches?

If you’re one of the more than 50 million people in the United States who suffer from high blood pressure, you know it can lead to all kinds of health issues. And while many of those issues are serious, some are downright scary—like having a stroke or heart attack.

But did you know that high blood pressure can also cause headaches? Hypertension headaches are a common symptom of high blood pressure. They occur when the arteries in your brain become narrow and hard, increasing the risk of stroke. Hypertension (also known as “high blood pressure”) is a common condition that affects nearly one-third of adults in the U.S.

The severity of these headaches can vary from mild to severe. Some people experience a dull ache behind their eyes, while others experience throbbing pain in the temples. Hypertension headaches are often accompanied by nausea, dizziness, blurred vision, and sensitivity to light. These symptoms may last for hours or days at a time.

While hypertension headaches are fairly common, they should always be treated as a medical emergency. If you experience a hypertension headache for more than one week straight, or if your doctor determines that you have high blood pressure without any other symptoms present (such as blurred vision), it’s important to seek treatment immediately.

Causes and Risks of Hypertension Headaches

Hypertension headaches can be a pain! But they’re not just a pain in your head. They’re also a real risk to your health. Here are some of the causes and risks of hypertension headaches:

High Blood Pressure

Hypertension headaches are usually caused by high blood pressure. When the arteries become narrower and stiffer over time, they are less able to pump blood through the body properly. This can cause an increase in pressure inside the skull, resulting in pain at the base of the skull or behind one eye.

The increased pressure can also cause a reduction in blood flow to the brain, which can cause symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, or vomiting. Some people may also experience blurred vision during a hypertensive headache attack.

Family History

Family history is one of the most common risk factors for developing high blood pressure. If your parents or other relatives have high blood pressure, then there’s a good chance that you will develop it too.

How to Prevent Hypertension Headaches

If you suffer from hypertension, you may also be prone to headaches. In fact, it has been found that nearly half of all people with hypertension also experience headaches. If you are one of them, you know how frustrating it can be to deal with this condition. However, there are some things that you can do to help prevent these headaches from happening in the first place.

Drink plenty of water

Water is essential for keeping our bodies healthy and functioning properly. It helps regulate our metabolism, which means that our bodies will be able to process food more efficiently. Drinking enough water can also help reduce stress levels and boost energy levels throughout the day, which may help prevent those headaches before they even start!

Get adequate sleep

Sleep is essential for maintaining good mental health as well as physical health. Getting enough sleep will help keep your body functioning at its best so that it doesn’t have any issues processing food properly and regulating blood pressure levels throughout the day (which could lead to headaches).

Maintain a healthy weight

If you’re overweight or obese, losing weight will help lower your blood pressure and reduce the risk of developing hypertension headaches.

Avoid salt

Salt makes your body retain water and causes high blood pressure, which leads to hypertension headaches. Try cutting down on the amount of salt you’re eating by trying some new recipes with less sodium or by using herbs instead of salt. If you want to use salt, go for sea salt or Himalayan pink salt—it’s healthier than table salt and won’t raise your blood pressure as much.

Cut down on caffeine and sugar

If you’re looking to prevent hypertension headaches, one of the best things you can do is cut down on caffeine and sugar.

Caffeine is a stimulant that raises blood pressure. So if you’re drinking coffee or tea every day, you may be contributing to your hypertension.

Likewise, sugar is a known cause of high blood pressure. If you’re consuming more than three teaspoons of added sugar per day, that’s too much for your body to handle.

Eat healthy foods

Eating healthy foods is one of the best ways to prevent hypertension headaches. If you want to cut down on your blood pressure, then you should try eating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. These foods will help to keep your blood vessels clear and healthy.

It’s also important to make sure that you are getting plenty of calcium in your diet. Calcium helps to relax the muscles around your blood vessels, so they don’t constrict as much when they need it. This helps reduce high blood pressure-related headaches!

When You Should Call The Doctor

When you’re dealing with hypertension headaches, it’s tempting to just tough it out and try to manage the pain until it goes away—especially if you’ve had them before. But sometimes, headaches can be more than just a nuisance: they can signify something is wrong.

If you’re experiencing any of the following symptoms, it might be time to call the doctor:

• Your headache is accompanied by nausea or vomiting

• You have blurred vision or light sensitivity during your headache

• You have other symptoms such as weakness, confusion, fatigue, or loss of balance

• Your headache is so severe that it’s difficult for you to function

• You have headaches on a regular basis

Bottom Line

The more you know about your body, the better you can take care of yourself. And knowing what to do when you have a headache is one of those things that can make a huge difference in how well you feel and how healthy you are.

So if you’re worried about your blood pressure or wondering whether or not it’s time to call your doctor, we hope this article has given you some insight into what’s going on inside your body. If you need help figuring out what to do next, don’t hesitate to reach out—we’re here for you!

Headaches & Migraines: Top 3 Differences

Headaches and migraines: two words that may strike fear into the hearts of even the most resilient people. But what’s the difference between these two types of head pain? Is it possible to tell a headache from a migraine just by looking at it? (No, unfortunately not. You’ll have to rely on other symptoms for that.) 

This article will explore the top three differences between headaches and migraines and provide tips for managing and preventing them. We’ll talk about symptoms, triggers, and treatment options and offer some interesting insights on things like medication overuse and the role of physical activity in preventing headaches. 

Whether you’re a seasoned headache sufferer or new to migraines, this information is valuable. So, let’s dive in and learn more about these common health conditions.

The Various Types of Headaches and How to Spot Them

Headaches: we’ve all had them, which may range from annoying to debilitating. But what exactly is a headache, and how do you know if you have one? 

A headache is a discomfort or pain in the head, scalp, or neck caused by various factors, including muscle tension, illness, and sinus problems. There are several types of headaches, and understanding which type you have may help you get the proper treatment and find relief.

  • Tension headaches are the most typical type of headache, and they’re often caused by muscle tension in the neck, scalp, and jaw. They may feel constant, dull head pain that may be relieved with over-the-counter pain medication.
  • Cluster headaches are primary headaches that occur in clusters or groups over time. They’re characterized by severe, intense pain typically felt on one side of the head, around the eye, or temple. These bad boys may be more challenging to treat than tension headaches and may require prescription medications.
  • Primary headaches are a type of headache that is not driven by an underlying medical condition. They include migraines, tension headaches, and cluster headaches. These are often treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications, lifestyle changes, and stress management techniques.

It’s important to note that not all headaches are the same, and the best treatment will depend on the type of headache you are experiencing. In the next section, we’ll look at migraines, a variety of primary headaches.

Migraine Madness: A Closer Look at These Severe Headaches

Migraines are more than just a headache. These intense, often debilitating types of head pain may ruin your day. But what exactly is a migraine, and how do you know if you have one? Here’s the scoop:

  • Definition: A migraine is a type of primary headache that is more severe and has different characteristics than other types. It’s characterized by severe head pain that is often accompanied by other fun symptoms, such as:
    • Sensitivity to light and sound (good luck trying to watch TV or be in a well-lit room)
    • Nausea and vomiting (yum, nothing like feeling like you’re going to hurl)
    • Changes in mood (hello, grumpiness)
    • Fatigue (because a headache isn’t enough, you also get to feel tired)
    • Muscle aches (because why stop at just a headache?)
  • Causes: The exact cause of migraines is not fully understood, but they are thought to be related to changes in blood flow and inflammation in the brain. They may be triggered by a variety of factors, including:
    • Food allergies (bye-bye, cheese)
    • Physical activity (exercise may be a blessing and a curse)
    • Stress (we all know how fun that is)
    • Hormonal changes (especially in women) (fun times, PMS)
    • Certain medications (great, just what we needed)
  • Diagnosis: Migraines may be diagnosed through a medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests such as MRI.
  • Treatment: Migraines are typically treated with medications, lifestyle changes, and stress management techniques. Keep in mind that migraines are not the same as other types of headaches, and the treatment options may differ.

Comparing Migraines to Other Headaches: The 3 Key Differences

We’ve learned that migraines are not just a simple headache – they’re a different beast. But how do they compare to other types of headaches? 

Now, we’ll pit migraines against other types of headaches in a battle of the brains (or, should we say, the pain?). Let’s see who comes out on top in the top three differences between migraines and other types of headaches.

  1. Severity

Migraines are often more severe than other types of headaches. They are characterized by intense, throbbing pain and other symptoms like vomiting, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound. This may make it difficult to perform everyday activities and may lead to missed work or school. 

On the other hand, other types of headaches, such as tension, may be less severe and may not have these additional symptoms. The pain from a tension headache may be described as a constant, dull ache rather than a throbbing pain.

  1. Triggers

Various factors may trigger migraines, including food allergies, physical activity, and stress. Other headaches may have different triggers, such as sinus problems or muscle tension. 

For example, a person with a tension headache may experience head pain due to muscle tension in the neck and scalp. In contrast, a person with a migraine may experience head pain due to a change in blood flow in the brain. This may make it challenging to recognize and avoid triggers for migraines, as they may be more complex and varied.

  1. Treatment

Migraines are typically treated with medications, lifestyle changes, and stress management techniques. This may include over-the-counter or prescription pain medication to help alleviate the pain, as well as medications to prevent future migraines. 

Lifestyle changes such as getting enough sleep, staying hydrated, and managing stress may also help prevent migraines. Other headaches may be treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications, lifestyle changes, and stress management techniques. 

For instance, a person with a tension headache may find relief with over-the-counter pain medication and relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or massage.

The Dark Side of Headaches: Long-Term Risks

Nobody likes a headache, but did you know that some types of headaches may have long-term consequences? Here’s what you need to know about the potential risks and complications associated with migraines and other types of headaches:

Migraines with Aura

Some people with migraines experience an aura, weird visual, or other sensory disturbances that happen before or during a migraine. While aura is not harmful in and of itself, people with migraines with aura may be at a higher risk of stroke or other complications. If you experience aura with your migraines, make sure to tell your healthcare provider so they may keep an eye on things.

Headache Disorders

Certain headache disorders, such as chronic daily headaches or medication overuse headaches, may increase the risk of long-term complications. Chronic daily headache, which is having a headache on 15 or more days per month, may seriously affect your quality of life and lead to other health problems. 

Medication overuse headache, which happens when you take pain medication too frequently, may worsen your headache symptoms and increase the risk of long-term complications.

Other Risks

While most migraines and other types of headaches are not severe, one must be aware of the rare but serious complications. This may include subarachnoid hemorrhage, a stroke that occurs when bleeding in the space around the brain. 

It’s also important to be aware of other potential risks, such as a concussion or further head injury, as these may lead to severe complications if not properly managed.

Treatment options: The Painfighters

When treating migraines and other types of headaches, there are a few different “pain fighters” to choose from. Here’s a rundown of some common treatment options and how they stack up:

Over-the-counter medications

These may be purchased without a prescription, such as an acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen. These medications may be effective in relieving mild to moderate head pain. Still, they may not pack enough punch for severe migraines. Remember to follow the dosage instructions and be aware of potential side effects.

Prescription medications

These are only available with a prescription from a healthcare provider. They may be more effective for severe migraines and include drugs such as triptans and ergotamines. These medications may have potential side effects and may not be suitable for everyone. So, discussing the risks and benefits with a healthcare provider is essential.


This traditional Chinese medicine approach inserts thin needles into particular body points. It is thought to help relieve pain and promote healing. Some people with migraines find relief with acupuncture, but the effectiveness may vary. It’s worth a shot if you’re up to trying something different.

Lifestyle changes

Changing your lifestyle, such as managing stress and getting regular exercise, may help prevent migraines. Stress management tactics like deep breathing, meditation, or training may help prevent migraines. It’s vital to find what works best for you and make these changes a regular part of your routine.

Remember that finding the right treatment plan may be a trial-and-error process. It’s crucial to speak with a healthcare provider and be open to trying different options until you find what works best for you. 

It’s also essential to find a balance and work with a healthcare professional to determine the right frequency and dosage of pain medication. Other treatment options, such as lifestyle changes or alternative therapies, may be more effective in managing and preventing migraines.

The Headache-Free Lifestyle

Nobody likes a headache, and migraines may be excruciating and disruptive. If you’re tired of dealing with these pesky pains, here are a few tips for preventing migraines and other types of headaches:

Get your beauty sleep

Lack of sleep may trigger headaches, so ensure you get enough rest regularly. Aim for 7-9 hours of shut-eye per night. A consistent sleep schedule may also help prevent migraines. Try to go to bed and wake up at the same time every morning.

Drink up

Dehydration may lead to headaches, so keep a water bottle handy and stay hydrated throughout the day. Strive for at least eight glasses of water daily, and more if you’re exercising or spending time in hot weather.

Chill out

Stress is a common headache trigger, so try to find ways to relax and manage stress in your daily life. Deep breathing, meditation, or exercise are all excellent options. Set aside time for activities you enjoy, such as hobbies or socializing with friends.

Eat your veggies

A healthy diet may help prevent migraines and other headaches. Load up on fruits, veggies, and whole grains, and avoid processed foods and stuff high in salt, sugar, and additives. It may also be helpful to avoid common headache triggers such as alcohol, caffeine, and certain types of food.

Get moving

Regular physical activity may help prevent migraines and other headaches. Find an activity you enjoy and make it a routine. Exercise helps reduce stress and improve sleep, both of which help prevent migraines.

Keep track

A headache diary may help you identify potential triggers and find patterns in your headaches. Include when your headaches occur, what you were doing and eating beforehand, and other relevant details. This may help you and your healthcare provider identify potential triggers and develop a prevention plan.

By following these simple tips, you may prevent migraines and other types of headaches. Just remember to be mindful of potential triggers and take steps to avoid them. After all, nobody wants to deal with a headache when they could be out enjoying life headache-free!

Headache Help is Out There

If you’re dealing with frequent or severe migraines or other types of headaches, you don’t have to endure the pain any longer. Plenty of resources are available to help you find relief and manage your headaches effectively. Here are a few options to consider:

  • Healthcare providers: A visit to the doctor or a headache specialist may be a crucial first step in addressing your migraines and other types of headaches. They may help diagnose the type of headache you’re experiencing and suggest treatment options that work for you.
  • Support groups: Joining a support group for people with migraines or other types of headaches may be a fantastic way to connect with others facing similar health challenges. You’ll find a sense of community, plus valuable information and resources for managing your headaches.
  • Online resources: Websites, forums, and social media groups for people with migraines and other types of headaches offer a wealth of treatment information, headache management tips, and a sense of community.

Don’t suffer in silence – there’s help out there for you. Don’t be afraid to seek it out and try different treatment options until you find what works best. You deserve to live free from headaches, pain, and discomfort.


It’s important to emphasize that understanding the differences between migraines and other headaches is key to getting the proper treatment and preventing future episodes. 

Whether over-the-counter medications, prescription medications, acupuncture, or lifestyle changes, many options are available to help manage migraines and headaches effectively. 

Finally, be mindful of the risks and benefits of different treatment options, and be aware of “medication overuse” to find the right balance in your treatment plan.

4 Types Of Migraines

When a headache is severe or does not get better, it can be very frustrating. The pain can be intense and debilitating, making it difficult to function normally. If the medicine you take for a headache does not help, you may have migraines.

People sometimes speak as if there were only one kind of migraine. However, there are four different types of migraines, each with a different set of symptoms. To understand what each type of migraine is, it’s important to first understand what a migraine is. Read on to learn more about it and its different types.

Understanding Migraine

Most people have experienced a headache that felt as if it would never go away. It can be so severe that you might think your head is going to explode. If this sounds familiar, then you know what migraines are like.

Migraines are characterized by severe pain on one side of the head and nausea or vomiting. They can last anywhere from 4 hours to 3 days. In some cases, it lasts for much longer.

Some people experience an aura before or during migraine attacks, while others do not. Migraines can also be triggered by certain foods, stress, lack of sleep, or other factors. Migraines are characterized by symptoms that occur in several stages, as described below.

Stages Of Migraine

Migraines can be divided into four stages: prodrome, aura, headache, and postdrome.


This is the stage before a migraine attack, when you may experience symptoms that indicate a coming headache. These include fatigue, mood changes, constipation or diarrhea, food cravings, and yawning. It can last anywhere from 3 hours to several days.


An aura occurs before or during a migraine attack. During this stage, you may experience visual disturbances such as flashing lights, blind spots, or blurred vision. It can last from 5 minutes to an hour.


The headache part of a migraine attack typically lasts from 4 to 72 hours. It typically causes throbbing pain and may also cause nausea or vomiting. The pain can be so severe that it affects your ability to function normally.


This is the stage after an attack when you may feel weak, depressed, or irritable. This stage may last for 2 days.

The Most Common Types Of Migraines

Migraine is a complicated condition that can be difficult to diagnose and manage. It’s important to know what type of migraine you have so that you can seek out the best treatment options.

There are several different types of migraine, and each one causes its own set of symptoms. Here are the four most common types of migraines:

Migraine Without Aura

Migraine without aura is the most common type of migraine. It’s also known as a common migraine. It’s characterized by a pulsating headache on one side of the head that can be moderate or severe in intensity.

Migraines without aura usually start suddenly, last several hours, and worsen as time passes. They’re often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light or sound.

Migraine With Aura

Migraine with aura has four main types. Each type is characterized by a certain sign that occurs before a migraine headache begins. Here is a list of the four types.

Migraine With Typical Aura

A migraine with a typical aura is a form of migraine during which the affected person may have visual, speech, and sensory symptoms. Onset can be gradual and generally last up to one hour. It is usually reversible and gets better when the symptoms go away.

Migraine With Brainstem Aura

Migraine with brainstem aura is a relatively rare type of migraine. People who suffer from this type of migraine may experience symptoms such as vertigo, dizziness, slurred speech, and ringing in their ears. They may also experience other neurological symptoms like temporary loss of consciousness.

Hemiplegic Migraine

Hemiplegic migraine is a subcategory of migraine with aura. During a hemiplegic migraine, the person may experience temporary paralysis on one side of the body. This may cause weakness, depending on the severity of the attack. Other common symptoms include visual disturbances and communication difficulties.

The symptoms are similar to those of a stroke but usually last only from one hour to several days. It’s also not uncommon for people suffering from hemiplegic migraines to experience headaches afterward.

Retinal Migraine

Retinal migraine is a condition that affects the retina, which is the light-sensitive part of the eye. This type of migraine often occurs with visual disturbances, like flashes of light and partial or total temporary blindness in one eye. The symptoms of a migraine may occur before an attack takes place and signals the onset of headaches.


If you have 15 or more days of migraine per month and have had them for three months or more, you are experiencing chronic migraine. It is a debilitating type of headache that can be difficult to manage.

Chronic migraines can be difficult to treat. It is often less responsive to medication than other types of migraine. Also, some people may experience an aura, dizziness, vertigo, or other symptoms.


Episodic migraines tend to be more common in children, but they can also occur in adults. It often occurs alongside other health issues, such as motion sickness and sleep disorders. The condition can also occur with or without an aura.

How Are Migraines Diagnosed?

If you’re suffering from migraines, it can be hard to know whether or not the headaches you’re experiencing are serious. Physicians will often ask about your medical history and the frequency of your headaches.

The first thing doctors will do is ask about your symptoms. They’ll want to know how long they last, what triggers them, and how severe they are. They’ll also ask about other health issues you may be experiencing, like depression or anxiety.

But, there are also some diagnostic tests that can be performed. The most common test is an MRI, which checks for abnormalities in the brain and its surrounding tissues. It uses magnetic fields to generate images of your brain.

Another test is a CT scan, which uses x-rays to create detailed images of your head and brain structure. CT scans are usually used when MRI results aren’t clear. It is also used when doctors suspect an infection or tumor might be contributing to migraine symptoms.

Risk Factors

Migraine is a complex condition. The precise cause is not known, but certain risk factors seem to increase the likelihood of developing migraine headaches. Some of these risk factors include:

Family History

Migraine is a complex condition, and there are many factors that can contribute to your risk of developing it. Having a family history of migraine is one factor.

Family history can be a major factor in determining whether or not you will develop migraines. This is because genetics plays a large role if you develop the condition. If your family members have migraines, then there is an increased chance that you will as well.

However, just because your family members have migraines doesn’t mean that you will get them too. Some who have a genetic predisposition to migraines never develop them, while others may only experience mild headaches instead of full-on migraines.


Age is a risk factor for migraine. As you get older, your risk of having migraines increases. The rate at which it happens varies from person to person. This may be due to changes in your genetics, hormones, or other factors.

As you age, it’s not just your body that’s growing old but your brain too. It’s also important to note that not everyone who has migraines is elderly. Some people suffer from migraines when they’re young, and some people experience them later in life.


Sex is a risk factor for migraines. Women are three times more likely than men to have migraines. Moreover, they are more prone to intense and long-lasting symptoms.

Hormonal Changes

Some women experience migraines during the menstrual cycle. Some notice an increase in their headaches around menopause. Hormonal changes are likely related to migraine risk factors because they cause fluctuations in hormone levels.

Hormonal fluctuations and serotonin levels can be influenced by changes in vascular function. All of which have been associated with migraines.

Final Note

Migraines are a complicated condition that affects many people. While the information above can help you better understand migraine, it’s important to remember that everyone is different.

Suppose you suffer from migraines and have never been diagnosed. In that case, it’s important to find a medical care provider who can help diagnose your condition. They can help you to determine if the headaches are truly migraines or a different type of headache. They can also provide treatment options that will work best for you.

Managing your migraine is the best way to minimize its impact on your life. Tell your physician about your symptoms and if they become more frequent or severe. Because treatment for migraine headaches can be complex, it’s important to work with a healthcare professional who can help you find the right treatment plan for you.