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Osteoarthritis Symptoms, Treatment & Definition

Osteoarthritis is a common joint disorder that affects millions of people in the United States. It’s a degenerative disease that results in the deterioration of the cartilage in the joints. This can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in the affected area. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but there are treatments available that can help relieve symptoms. This blog post will discuss all you need to know about osteoarthritis: its symptoms, treatment options, and definition!

What is Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It happens when cartilage in your joints wears down over time. Cartilage is a firm, rubbery substance that protects the ends of your bones and helps your joints move smoothly.

Cartilage breaking down can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness. You may feel this in your hands, knees, hips, or spine. Osteoarthritis can make it hard to do your daily activities.

According to the Arthritis Foundation, osteoarthritis affects more than 32.5 million adults in the United States. That’s about one in every 12 people.

There is no cure for osteoarthritis, but there are treatments that can help relieve pain and improve joint function. If you have osteoarthritis, you may be able to slow its progression by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and avoiding injury to your joints.

Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can affect anyone, but certain risk factors can make you more susceptible to developing the condition. Here are some of the most common risk factors for osteoarthritis:

  • Age: Osteoarthritis can occur at any age, but it’s more common as you age. The risk of developing osteoarthritis increases as you age because the cartilage in your joints wears down over time. Most people with the condition are 65 years of age or older.
  • Weight: Being overweight or obese puts extra strain on your joints, which can develop osteoarthritis.
  • Injury: Joint injuries, such as those sustained from playing sports, can increase your risk of developing osteoarthritis.
  • Family History: If you have a family member with osteoarthritis, you may be more likely to develop the condition yourself.
  • Gender: Women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis than men.
  • Repetitive use: Jobs or activities that put repetitive stress on a joint (such as running or playing tennis) can increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis in that joint.

Common Causes Of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from the breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. Moreover, there are many possible causes of OA, including:

  • Inflammation: This is the most common cause of OA.
  • Joint deformities: If you have a deformity in your joints, it can put extra stress on the cartilage and lead to OA.

No matter the cause, osteoarthritis can be a painful and debilitating condition. If you think you may be suffering from osteoarthritis, monitor your symptoms.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Symptoms of osteoarthritis often begin gradually and worsen with time. Among the symptoms are:


Osteoarthritis symptoms can also include stiffness. This stiffness is often most noticeable after sitting or lying down for a while. You may feel stiffness when you first wake up in the morning or after a long period of inactivity during the day.

Joint Pain

Joint pain is another common symptom of osteoarthritis. The pain may be constant, or it may come and go. It may be worse when you move the joint or put weight on it. Joint pain from osteoarthritis can make it hard to do your normal activities.


Tenderness is when your joint hurts when you touch it, or even if there’s just pressure on it. You may feel tenderness in the joint itself or the muscles and tendons around the joint. Tenderness is different from pain because pain is usually caused by movement. Tenderness can happen even when you’re not moving the joint.


Swelling in the joint is another common symptom. It’s when the area around your joint is puffy or tender. Swelling happens because there’s fluid in the tissues around your joint. The swelling may make the skin around your joint look shiny and tight. You may also have trouble moving the joint because of the swelling.

Grating Sensation

A grating sensation or “crepitus” is often felt with osteoarthritis. This sensation happens when cartilage in the joint breaks down and rubs against the bone. You may feel crepitus when you move the joint or when there’s pressure applied.

Bone Spurs

Bone spurs are another common symptom of osteoarthritis. They are growths of bone that form around the joints. They can cause pain and difficulty moving the joint. Osteoarthritis can also cause changes in the shape of the joint. The joint may start to look swollen or deformed. You may have trouble moving the joint through its full range of motion.

Moreover, osteoarthritis symptoms can vary from mild to severe. They may come and go, or they may get worse over time. If you have osteoarthritis, you must talk to your doctor to diagnose the condition and develop a treatment plan. There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for osteoarthritis, but many options can help relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.

When To See The Doctor

If you’re experiencing any osteoarthritis symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible, especially if you’re having pain, stiffness, or swelling in any of your joints. These symptoms could indicate early osteoarthritis, and the sooner you catch it, the better.

Many different treatment options are available for osteoarthritis, so it’s important to get started on a plan as soon as possible. If you wait too long, the condition could progress and become more difficult to treat.

If you’re not sure whether or not you should see a doctor, consider these three factors:

1. The severity of your symptoms: If your symptoms are mild, you may be able to manage them with over-the-counter medications and home remedies. But you’ll need to see a doctor for treatment if they’re more severe.

2. The location of your symptoms: If the symptoms are in one joint, such as your knee or hip, you may be able to treat them with physical therapy or other exercises. But you’ll need to see a doctor if the symptoms are in multiple joints.

3. The duration of your symptoms: If your symptoms come and go, you may be able to wait a little longer to see a doctor. But if they’re constant or getting worse, you should make an appointment as soon as possible.

Remember, the sooner you see a doctor, the better your chance of treating your osteoarthritis and preventing further damage.


There are a few different ways that doctors can diagnose osteoarthritis.

Physical examination

Your doctor will check for joint pain and tenderness and any swelling or redness. They may also ask you to do simple tests, such as moving your joints through their full range of motion or standing on one leg.


X-rays are the most common type of imaging test used to diagnose osteoarthritis. They can show narrowing of the space between your joints and any bone spurs or cysts.

Magnetic resonance imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans can also diagnose osteoarthritis. MRIs can show the damage to your cartilage and any inflammation in your joints. An MRI isn’t commonly used to diagnose osteoarthritis, but it may be used if your doctor suspects you have another condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Blood Test

Blood tests aren’t used to diagnose osteoarthritis, but they may be done to rule out other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.

Joint fluid analysis

The joint fluid analysis involves taking a fluid sample from your joints and then looking at it under a microscope. This can help rule out other conditions, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis.

Your doctor will likely use more than one of these methods to diagnose osteoarthritis. The exact method or combination of methods used will depend on factors such as your age, symptoms, and medical history.

Treatment For Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis can’t be reversed, but some treatments can help relieve the pain and improve joint function.

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating osteoarthritis, as the best course of action will vary from person to person depending on the severity of their condition. However, there are a few general treatment options that are commonly used to manage the symptoms of osteoarthritis.


Medications that can help relieve pain and improve joint function include:


This is a pain reliever that can be purchased over-the-counter or by prescription. Taking more than the recommended dosage can lead to liver damage, so it’s important to follow the instructions on the bottle.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

These are other types of pain relievers that can be purchased over-the-counter or by prescription. NSAID works by reducing inflammation, which can help relieve pain.

Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)

These are a type of medication typically used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, but they can also be effective for treating osteoarthritis. DMARDs work by slowing the progression of joint damage.


This is a type of antidepressant that can be used to treat pain, particularly pain associated with osteoarthritis.


Many different types of therapy can be used to help treat osteoarthritis. Some of the most common therapies include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is one of the best ways to treat osteoarthritis. It can help reduce pain, improve joint function, and prevent joint damage.

Many different types of physical therapy exercises can help osteoarthritis. Some of the most common are range-of-motion exercises, stretching exercises, and strength-training exercises. Range-of-motion exercises help to keep the joints flexible and prevent stiffness. Stretching exercises help to improve flexibility and reduce muscle stiffness. Strength-training exercises help to build up the muscles around the joints, which can help to support and protect them.

Physical therapy can also help to improve joint function by helping you learn how to use your joints correctly. Many people with osteoarthritis start to use their joints in a way that makes the pain worse. Physical therapists can teach you how to use your joints in a way that doesn’t worsen the pain. They can also help you learn how to protect your joints from further damage.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy can help people with osteoarthritis in many ways. One way is by helping them to find new and creative ways to do everyday tasks. This can involve finding new ways to hold a cup or brush teeth.

Another way occupational therapy can help is by teaching you how to pace yourself throughout the day. This means learning how to take breaks and rest when you need to. It can also mean learning to use assistive devices, such as canes or walkers.

Occupational therapy can also help you stay connected to the things you love to do. For example, if you enjoy gardening, occupational therapy can help you find ways to continue doing this even with your osteoarthritis. This might involve finding new ways to kneel or sit while gardening.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a pain relief technique that uses electrical current to stimulate the nerves. The electrical impulses block pain signals from getting to the brain. TENS is often used to relieve pain associated with osteoarthritis (OA).

There are many benefits of using TENS for OA:

  1. It’s a non-invasive and drug-free method of pain relief.
  2. It’s relatively inexpensive and easy to use.
  3. TENS can be used as often as needed without significant negative side effects.

Surgical Procedures

If conservative treatments for osteoarthritis haven’t worked or your pain is severe, you may be considering surgery. Several types of surgical procedures can help relieve the pain and disability caused by osteoarthritis.

Joint replacement surgery

Joint replacement surgery is one of the most common and successful surgeries for osteoarthritis. In this procedure, the damaged joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis. This type of surgery can be done on almost any joint in your body, but it’s most commonly done on hips and knees.

Joint fusion surgery

Joint fusion surgery is another option for treating osteoarthritis. In this procedure, the surgeon removes the damaged ends of the bones that form the joint and then fuses them. This eliminates the joint’s movement, which can help relieve pain. It’s most commonly done on the spine, but it can also be done on other joints, such as the ankle, elbow, and shoulder.


Osteotomy is a type of surgery that involves cutting and realigning the bone around a joint to relieve pain and improve function. It’s most commonly done on the kneecap, but it can also be done on other joints, such as the hip, shoulder, and ankle.

Joint Injections

In addition to medication and surgery, other treatments for osteoarthritis include:

Cortisone injections

Cortisone is a type of steroid that can be injected into an arthritic joint to help reduce pain and inflammation. The effects of a cortisone injection can last for several months, but the relief is often not permanent.

Cortisone injections are usually given as a series of three injections every three weeks. The number of injections may be increased if the initial series does not provide enough relief.

Lubrication injections

Lubrication injections for osteoarthritis are a type of treatment that can help relieve pain and improve joint function. They are usually given once a week for three to five weeks. The number of injections may increase if the person does not respond well to the initial treatment.

There are two types of lubrication injections: hyaluronic acid (HA) injections and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections.

  • HA injections are the most common type of lubrication injection. HA is a substance that is naturally found in the joints. It helps to cushion and lubricate the joint.
  • PRP injections are a newer type of injection. They use a person’s blood to create a concentration of platelets. Platelets are cells that help with healing and tissue repair.

Lifestyle Changes

If you’re one of the millions of people with osteoarthritis, you know that the condition can make everyday activities quite difficult. Even simple things like walking or getting out of a chair can be painful.

Making lifestyle changes can help ease your pain and improve your overall quality of life. Here are a few things you can do:

Get regular exercise

Exercise is important for everyone, but it’s especially crucial for people with osteoarthritis. It helps strengthen the muscles around the joints, which in turn helps to take some of the pressure off the joints themselves. Regular exercise also helps increase range of motion and flexibility, both of which can be limited in people with osteoarthritis.

Maintain a healthy weight

Being overweight puts extra pressure on the joints, worsening the pain. Losing even a few pounds can make a big difference. Also, avoid any sudden or drastic weight changes, as these can cause joint pain.

Eat a healthy diet

Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help reduce inflammation throughout the body, which can, in turn, help reduce osteoarthritis pain. Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish and certain oils, are also thought to be helpful for people with osteoarthritis.

Home Remedies

Many home remedies can help reduce the pain and inflammation of osteoarthritis. Some of these include:

Heat and cold therapy

Applying heat or cold to the affected joint can help reduce pain and inflammation. Heat therapy can be done using a heating pad, hot water bottle, or warm compress. Cold therapy can be done using an ice pack, frozen peas, or ice massage.


Capsaicin is the active ingredient in chili peppers that gives them their heat. This same compound can be found in a cream form and used to relieve pain from osteoarthritis. When applied topically, capsaicin blocks substance P, a neurotransmitter that sends pain signals to the brain.

Capsaicin creams are available over-the-counter and by prescription. Be sure to follow the directions on the label. Some people may experience a burning sensation when first using capsaicin cream. This usually goes away after a few days of continued use.


Braces are often considered a tool for kids who need help straightening their teeth. But braces can also be used to relieve pain from osteoarthritis.

Braces can help by taking pressure off of the affected joint. This can help to reduce pain and inflammation.

There are a few different types of braces that can be used to treat osteoarthritis. The type of brace that is best for you will depend on the location of your pain and the severity of your symptoms. Different types of braces include

  • Ankle braces are one of the most common braces used to treat osteoarthritis. They are often used to relieve pain in the ankle and foot.
  • Elbow braces can relieve pain in the elbow, forearm, and hand.
  • Knee braces are often used to relieve knee, thigh, and lower leg pain.

Shoe inserts 

Shoe inserts are a common and effective treatment for osteoarthritis. They are placed in the shoes to provide support and cushioning for the feet. They can help to reduce pain and improve mobility. There are many different shoe inserts available. It’s important to choose the right type for your needs.

Alternative medicine

Many alternative treatments for osteoarthritis can help manage the pain and symptoms associated with the condition. Some of these therapies include:


This therapy involves using thin needles inserted into the skin at specific points on the body. Acupuncture is said to stimulate the release of pain-relieving chemicals in the body and can be used to help relieve pain from osteoarthritis.


There are a number of supplements that can help ease the pain and stiffness associated with this condition.

  • Glucosamine supplements

Glucosamine supplements are popular for managing osteoarthritis. Some people take them to help relieve pain, while others take them to help prevent further damage to their joints.

Glucosamine is a sugar molecule that is found naturally in the body. It is also found in some foods, such as shellfish. Supplementing with glucosamine can help increase the levels of this molecule in the body, which can help reduce inflammation and pain.

  • Chondroitin

Chondroitin is a widely-studied supplement for managing osteoarthritis. It works by reducing inflammation and providing lubrication to the joints. Chondroitin is sometimes used in combination with another supplement, glucosamine.

There is some evidence that chondroitin can be helpful for osteoarthritis. It is thought to work by decreasing inflammation and improving cartilage quality. Chondroitin is available as a supplement in pill form. It can also be found in joint-supporting foods, such as bone broth and green-lipped mussel extract.

  • Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are a type of fat found in abundance in fish and other seafood. Omega-3s have been shown to have numerous health benefits, including reducing inflammation and joint pain. In fact, omega-3 supplements are often recommended for people with osteoarthritis.

Omega-3s work by reducing inflammation throughout the body. In osteoarthritis, this can help reduce pain and stiffness in the joints. Omega-3 supplements are available in both capsule and liquid form. Taking omega-3 supplements with food is important, as they can cause an upset stomach.

Preparing for your Appointment

When you’re dealing with osteoarthritis pain, the last thing you want to do is go to the doctor. But trust us, it’s worth it! Here’s how to prepare for your appointment to get the most out of it.

First, make sure you have a list of all of your symptoms. This includes the pain you’re experiencing and any stiffness, swelling, or redness. Be sure to note when these symptoms occur and how long they last.

Next, keep track of your daily activities. This will help your doctor determine what’s causing your pain and how best to treat it. For example, if your pain worsens after walking, mention this.

Finally, don’t forget to ask questions! Your doctor is there to help you, so don’t be afraid to speak up. If you’re not sure about something, just ask.

Preparing for your doctor’s appointment may seem like a pain, but it’s really not. You’ll get the most out of your visit by taking the time to do it.


To sum up, osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease leading to cartilage deterioration. It can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints. OA can develop in any joint in the body, but it most commonly affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine. 

Many risk factors for osteoarthritis include age, obesity, joint injury, and genetics. There is no cure for OA, but there are treatments that can help relieve the symptoms.

If you think you may have osteoarthritis, it’s important to see your doctor for a diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment can help slow the progression of the disease and improve your quality of life.

Contact us today to book an appointment with one of our specialists. We can help you get on the path to pain-free living!

How We Can Help You Diagnose Joint Pain

Joint pain can be debilitating and frustrating. It can make even the simplest tasks difficult to complete. If you are experiencing joint pain, you may be wondering how to best diagnose and treat it. This blog post will explore some of the options available to you for diagnosing joint pain and provide some information on how to get started on finding relief.

Early Diagnosis Is The Key

Early diagnosis is beneficial for many patients with joint pain, especially older ones. It may allow you to begin treatment sooner and reduce the risk of complications. Additionally, it is vital for any arthritis or musculoskeletal condition because it is necessary to find out what is causing your joint pain. Once your disease has been diagnosed, a treatment plan may be formulated that best suits your needs.

Early diagnosis and treatment may help improve the outcome and slow down the damage caused by the disease. For example, if you have a type of arthritis called osteoarthritis (OA), getting an early diagnosis will enable you to learn ways to protect your joints. Thus, saving it from further damage and keeping you as mobile as possible for a long time.

When it comes to analyzing joint pain, timing is crucial. This is because early diagnosis will eliminate the time spent guessing what might be causing symptoms or misdiagnosis. This may result in several tests being ordered or prescribed wrong medications or treatments, creating further complications.

Procedures To Diagnose Your Joint Pain

Do you feel that your joints are causing you pain? It could be due to several things. Though there are many different kinds of joint pain, the good news is that there is a way we may help in most cases. Let’s explore the methods on how we may help you diagnose your joint pain:

We’ll Ask You Questions About Your Medical History

When you meet with the doctor, they will ask you some questions about your medical history and current symptoms. You must answer these questions as thoroughly and honestly as possible. The more information we have, the better equipped we will be to make an accurate diagnosis. Your questions may include:

  • When did the pain start? You should try to remember precisely when you first noticed it so we may get as precise a timeline as possible.
  • Do you have a family history of certain types of arthritis? Certain forms of arthritis are hereditary, so knowing if your family members suffer from it may help us rule out specific causes for your joint pain.
  • Have you experienced any fever or inflammation? Fever and swelling are common signs that something other than arthritis is causing your joint pain, such as an infection or gout.
  • Have you experienced any other symptoms that might be related to this problem? This could include changes in mood, sleep patterns, bowel movements or appetite, difficulty performing routine tasks with either hand, etc. Any information about how this problem affects other aspects of your life may help us understand what is happening with you in greater detail.
  • Have there been any recent injuries or illnesses that could have caused this issue? If there was some sort of traumatic injury associated with the onset of the pain. For example, playing sports without proper equipment and twisting an ankle. In that case, we need to know these details to include in our diagnosis and treatment plan. Similarly, illness unrelated to joint problems has been known to cause joint pain, so it’s important to let us know if anything like this has happened recently.

We’ll Conduct A Physical Examination

A physical examination is a standard part of the diagnostic process for joint pain. During this exam, your doctor will ask you to perform certain movements and observe how your joints function. This will help us understand what is causing your pain and where it may be coming from.

After reviewing your medical history, X-rays, and MRI results, if necessary, the doctor will begin your exam by asking you questions about your symptoms. Do you have any swelling or redness? Does anything make the pain better or worse? What activities cause discomfort? How long have you had this problem? The doctor will then ask you to perform a series of tasks so they may assess how well each joint moves:

  • Walking around the room so they may watch how easily (or not) you move about on your own two feet.
  • Sitting in a chair with one leg crossed over the other to see if one knee is more swollen or painful than the other.
  • Stand up straight with arms at your sides to notice if one shoulder blade sticks out more than another. This helps identify any muscle weakness that may be contributing to joint dysfunction.

Your answers to these questions provide valuable clues as to what could interrupt smooth movement around your affected joint internally. Your doctor may also listen carefully at each joint for clicking sounds or crepitus (grating sensations), giving them information about any cartilage damage occurring within.

Apart from a physical exam, range of motion evaluation is most often performed using a goniometer device, an instrument that measures the angle at a joint. This measures the range of motion in degrees, from zero to 180 or 360, and comes in different shapes and sizes used on certain joints.

We’ll Check Your Muscle Strength

We will check your muscle strength and function. Muscle testing is a common assessment of strength, muscle groups, and joint mobility. It might help us identify the source of your pain. Testing involves pushing or moving various parts of the body against resistance. For instance, we might ask you to stand up from a squatting or sitting position. At the same time, we will apply upward force on a body part to see how much resistance you can offer against our downward pressure. 

Testing also helps us determine which exercises might be best for you as a treatment program. We may use other tests during an exam that allow us to grade muscle strength on a scale of zero (very weak) to five (very strong).

We’ll Test Your Blood

A blood test may become one of our diagnostic tools when we diagnose the source of your joint pain. As part of the process, we’ll collect small samples of your blood and send them to a lab for analysis. The test may help rule out other conditions (and confirm certain types of arthritis) and identify inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or psoriatic arthritis.

Moreover, your blood will be tested for uric acid levels—high uric acid levels may indicate gout; antibodies indicate rheumatoid arthritis. Blood tests also show inflammation markers typically elevated in people with inflammatory types of arthritis. We may need multiple blood tests over time if the results are inconclusive.

We’ll Perform A Joint Fluid Analysis

It makes a soft pop sound when you bend a finger, knee, or elbow. That’s your joints releasing gas bubbles, which means they’re working correctly. The lubricating fluid inside your joints is made from water, dissolved oxygen, and nitrogen. With that said, the pressure decreases when you bend a joint, and gas bubbles form. When you straighten out your joint, the pressure rises again, causing those bubbles to burst with a pop. It’s like what happens when you shake up a bottle of soda and open it!

If there are problems with your bones, ligaments, muscles, or tendons—or if there’s an infection in your joints—your pop will be different. And that may help your doctor see what might be wrong. Your doctor may get a sample of this synovial fluid by drawing it out with a needle and syringe through an arthrocentesis procedure. The fluid will then be sent to a lab for analysis to see if it contains bacteria or other particles that don’t belong there.

The joint fluid may also be analyzed for protein levels, such as rheumatoid factor (RF) or antinuclear antibodies (ANA). This may indicate an autoimmune disorder (a disease caused by the immune system attacking healthy cells in the body). In addition, bacteria in the joint will be tested against various antibiotics to see which ones are most effective at killing them.

We’ll Perform Imaging Studies

Your doctor may perform one or more imaging studies to diagnose the source of your joint pain. Imaging studies help identify the cause of joint pain and may help determine the extent of the damage. Some common imaging studies include:

  • X-ray – An x-ray may help your doctor identify bone damage or loss, tumors, infections, and other disorders affecting the bones.
  • CT Scan – A CT scan (computerized tomography) is a series of X-rays taken from different angles and combined using a computer to produce cross-sectional images of the body. This type of scan helps detect bone damage and may also be used to detect soft tissue damage such as cartilage loss or muscle tears.
  • MRI – Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses radio waves and strong magnets to create detailed images of organs, soft tissues (muscles, tendons), joints, and other structures within your body. This test helps identify soft tissue damage such as meniscus injuries or muscle tears.

We’ll Perform A Bone Scan

A bone scan is an imaging test to help diagnose joint pain. During this test, your body will be injected with radioactive tracer substances called radiopharmaceuticals. We will perform this test if there is a valid reason your joint pain is caused by bone diseases, such as bone metastases or osteomyelitis. The bone scan may also be used to diagnose arthritis. 

Furthermore, a bone scan procedure usually takes about two hours. It involves an injection phase, awaiting phase, and scanning phase. 

First, you’ll receive an intravenous injection of the tracer substance in your arm or hand. Then there’s a wait of two to four hours for the tracer substance to reach your bones’ destination and allow the scans to pick it up effectively. During this time, you may do whatever you wish: read a book, watch TV, work on your laptop, etc. You’re free to leave during this period so long as you come back right before it’s time for the next stage of your appointment (the scanning phase). 

You’ll lie down on a table during this second part of the process. At the same time, our scanners take pictures of your bones using gamma cameras or computed tomography (CT) scanning equipment that captures images of where the radiopharmaceutical has gone in your body. Finally, it may take up to 24 hours after the procedure for us to get test results from both sets of equipment used during each step of your appointment.

We’ll Perform A Bone Densitometry Scan

We perform bone densitometry, which is a special kind of X-ray procedure to measure bone loss. We might use this to diagnose osteoporosis, a disease in which the bones become weak and brittle — so brittle that even mild stress or trauma may cause a fracture. If you have symptoms such as pain, swelling, or stiffness in your joints, Bone Densitometry may help us discover if they’re caused by osteoporosis. 

The sooner we discover it, the better the chances of treating the problem. While most commonly seen in postmenopausal women and older people over 50, osteoporosis may happen at any age, sex or race.

We’ll Perform An Ultrasound

We often use ultrasound to evaluate the cause if you’re struggling with joint pain. Ultrasound is a non-invasive imaging technique that uses sound waves to vibrate tissues and organs. The vibrations create real-time images of the inside of your body that we might then use to help diagnose joint pain and other conditions. This technology lets us see how your joints move in real-time and how much fluid is present in or around them.

Furthermore, using ultrasound for an evaluation doesn’t require any special preparation on your part. You just need to come in wearing comfortable clothes that are easy to take off (since we might need to expose the area we’re examining). Also, bring a copy of any previous imaging tests you may have received for this condition. Usually, the procedure takes about 15 minutes on average, but it might take longer depending on your specific circumstances. We will update you every step of the way, so you know what’s happening.

We’ll Recommend One Or More Treatments

Depending on the diagnosis, we might recommend one or more treatments to help alleviate the pain and discomfort of our patients. These treatment options may include medications, physical therapy, and surgery. While we offer surgery for joint pain, it is generally only recommended after all other treatment options have been exhausted.

Moreover, we might advise you to change certain lifestyles, such as weight loss (if needed), increasing your activity levels, and avoiding routines that escalate pain and discomfort. And if you are a smoker, we will advise you to quit smoking as it may interfere with healing processes in joints that have been damaged by arthritis or injury. Also, we will recommend an exercise program to help improve strength and flexibility and which foods to avoid and eat more often.

We Are Here For You!

It may seem like there’s a lot to digest in this article. Don’t worry—you don’t need to keep all of these tips in mind at once. You should be fine if you remember what questions to ask yourself and your doctor when figuring out how best to treat you. And if you are skeptical of what steps to take, remember that we’re here for you. We know how to diagnose joint paint. Feel free to contact us any time!

18 Common Joint Pain Questions Answered

So, you experience joint pain? Stiffness, pain, and general discomfort make it hard for you to live your life. It may affect how you walk, run, or prevent you from performing certain activities around the house. Perhaps joint problems run in your family, and now they’re finally affecting you. Or maybe this is all new to you, and you aren’t sure why this is happening in the first place! 

You love learning new things and understanding how they work, so let’s learn more about joint pain. We’ll be covering a lot of information in this article, but don’t worry: we won’t give you any more information than necessary for us to answer.

What Are Joint Pain And Its Common Symptoms?

Joint pain is a symptom of many different conditions that affect the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, or cartilage surrounding joints. Common symptoms include pain, stiffness, and swelling in one or more joints.

The most common joint symptoms include:

  • Stiffness: Joints may feel tight and difficult to move.
  • Swelling: Affected joints may appear larger than usual and be warm to the touch.
  • Redness: Joints may redden as blood vessels around them widen (dilate) in response to inflammation. This may cause your skin to take on a purplish hue if you have light skin or an ashy gray color if you have dark skin.

Some joint symptoms are persistent — meaning they last for three months or more — while others come and go (intermittent).

What Are The Different Types Of Arthritis?

There are many types of arthritis. In fact, there are more than 100 different types of arthritis and related conditions. The most common type is osteoarthritis, affecting nearly 27 million American adults. Others include rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE or lupus), and fibromyalgia, to name a few.

There’s also juvenile idiopathic arthritis—a form of the condition that affects children under age 17. Another is muscular disorders that cause muscle pain and tendinitis, which causes inflammation in the tendons surrounding joints such as your ankles and knees. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. It affects millions of people, gradually wearing away at the cartilage which cushions joints. 

Common symptoms are mild to moderate pain, stiffness, and swelling in your joints. If you have osteoarthritis, you will likely have aching or pain in your knees and hips after walking, climbing stairs, or standing up from a seated position. The symptoms usually improve when you rest and feel worse as the day goes on.

With all that said, here’s a breakdown of some of the most common ones:

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This type of arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of your joints. It may cause damage to other organs in your body as well. It usually begins slowly with minor symptoms that come and go, typically on both sides of your body (the same joint on both hands). 

Inflammation caused by rheumatoid arthritis may also affect other tissues throughout the body, including skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels. This might lead to various complications such as fatigue, fevers, weight loss, and anemia (a decrease in red blood cells).

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis occurs in about 15 percent of people with psoriasis (a condition that causes red scaly patches on the skin). However, some people have joint problems years before they develop psoriasis. 

The risk is higher if you have severe psoriasis involving more than 5 percent of your body area or if anyone else in your family has psoriatic arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis often affects fingers and toes first; moving up to wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips, shoulders, neck, low back, jaw, or scalp may follow later as swelling becomes more severe over time.


This type of inflammatory arthritis is characterized by sudden severe attacks lasting a few days. It occurs due to excess uric acid crystals forming deposits in joints causing sudden episodes of painful joint inflammation. The swelling may last from hours to days and then subside for months between flare-ups.

Who Are The Persons More Prone To Joint Pain?

Everybody has heard that joint pain is more common in the elderly. While it is true that the incidence of osteoarthritis increases with age, it doesn’t mean that young people are immune to the problem.

Why do some people seem to be able to eat whatever they want and never feel any side effects, while others are in constant pain? It seems unfair. But, few factors contribute to joint pain and figuring out which ones apply to you. Your lifestyle may help you make the necessary changes to start feeling better.

In fact, there are many other factors besides age that may cause or increase a person’s likelihood of developing joint pain. Here are just a few of them:


Many diseases might be passed down from generation to generation and affect a person’s body. For example, suppose you have a history of rheumatoid arthritis in your family. In that case, you’re more likely to suffer from it as well. However, this isn’t always true since many things may trigger arthritis, such as smoking or being overweight.


Athletes also tend to get multiple joint pains due to pressure on their joints during exercise or sports. However, this depends on the sports—for instance, running puts a lot of pressure on your knees and hips while swimming puts pressure on your shoulders and elbows.

Older People

As we get older, our bodies start to change and show signs of wear and tear. Joints tend to undergo quite a lot of stress over time, and this often leaves them in poor shape once people reach middle age. Cartilage tends to wear down, and bone density also decreases with age, contributing to joint problems.

Does Stress Causes Joint Pain?

Joint pain is often blamed on stress. However, the truth is that stress does not cause joint pain. Stress may, nevertheless, make your current joint pain worse. 

When you are under a lot of stress, cortisol and adrenaline levels in your body increase, and adrenaline increases the sensation of pain, blood pressure, and heart rate. Moreover, cortisol acts against anti-inflammatory chemicals that would typically work to reduce joint pain and inflammation.

Therefore, when your cortisol levels increase from being stressed out, inflammation rises too. This makes it more difficult for your body to deal with everyday issues like minor damage to your joints or muscles. Additionally, stress may lead to bad habits like smoking or eating unhealthy foods, which will only make you feel worse in the long run!

Does Dehydration Cause My Joint Pain?

Maybe you’re a runner. Perhaps you’re someone who likes to lift weights. And possibly, you’ve been wondering why your joints ache after a particularly intense workout. Don’t worry—you aren’t alone!

If you’ve been exercising and noticing some joint pain, several things could be causing the aches and pains. The first thing you should do is check your water intake. Why? Because hydration plays a vital role in the health of your skeletal system and may cause some issues if you aren’t drinking enough water before, during, or after a workout. 

Remember that your body needs water to function correctly—and this is especially true when it comes to your joints. Without proper hydration, cartilage—the connective tissue between bones—may wear down, increasing the likelihood of joint pain and arthritis. Cartilage needs water for lubrication, but it also absorbs shock from running and jumping, which may help prevent damage to the joints and muscles.

Do Allergies Cause Joint Pain?

Does your joint pain seem to get worse during allergy season? You’re not imagining it—and here’s why.

Allergies and joint pain are more closely related than you might think. Many people with inflammatory conditions, like rheumatoid arthritis, find their symptoms worsen during allergy season.

Why does this happen? To put it simply: Inflammation is inflammation. Allergies cause inflammation in your sinuses, which may lead to headaches, facial pressure, and sinus congestion—but it’s also common for the inflammation from allergies to spread beyond your nasal passages and lead to swollen lips or a sore throat. 

Suppose you already have underlying inflammation in your joints (common in people with inflammatory conditions like arthritis). That inflammation might also worsen when your allergies flare up, leading to more severe joint pain than you usually experience.

The good news is that learning how to manage your allergies may help you better manage your joint pain. Here’s what you need to know about addressing the two together:

Allergy-Proof Your Home

This means vacuuming regularly and washing bedding weekly in hot water. Also, bathing pets weekly and cleaning their fur out of the carpet, and keeping windows and doors shut as much as possible. This will help keep allergens from irritating your joints.

Consider Allergy Shots

If you’ve been diagnosed with an allergy that triggers joint pain, consider getting allergy shots to help you build a tolerance to the allergen. They might make a massive difference in how much pain you’re suffering. Don’t get them without first checking with your doctor to ensure they won’t exacerbate any joint problems you’re having.

Stay On Top Of Your Allergies

Don’t let sneezing or coughing go untreated if you have allergies—this may cause joint pain. Take medications to manage your allergies proactively, so you don’t wake up in pain after a fitful night’s sleep due to sneezing and coughing all night long.

Does Climate Affect Joint Pain?

Yes, in many cases. The pain people experience due to joint issues is caused by inflammation. Suppose a person’s joint health is already compromised. In that case, extreme temperatures may cause a flare-up or worsen the pain the person already has.

For example, when it’s cold outside, a person’s body tries to keep itself warm by reducing blood flow to their extremities and constricting blood vessels. This may lead to ‘cold joints,’ which are stiffer than average and cause more pain and swelling in certain conditions such as arthritis.

On the other hand, when it’s hot outside, this causes an increase in blood flow and an expansion of blood vessels in your body (especially your skin). This may lead to dehydration, which may cause muscle soreness and other aches that aggravate joint pain issues you might have.

Does Diabetes Cause My Joint Pain?

While joint pain isn’t often a primary symptom of diabetes, you may experience joint aches and stiffness if you have the condition. It’s not directly caused by high blood sugar but rather by complications from diabetes.

Diabetes might cause nerve damage and increase inflammation, leading to joint pain. For example, neuropathic pain (a type of nerve pain) or carpal tunnel syndrome (pressure on a major nerve leading to the hand) may affect joints in your hands and fingers. Foot problems are another common side effect of diabetes that may lead to joint pain if you have damaged or infected feet (due to neuropathy).

A common joint problem is osteoarthritis, which occurs when cartilage wears down between joints over time. People with diabetes are more likely to develop osteoarthritis at younger ages than those without the disease.

Is Joint Pain Related To Covid-19?

Suppose you’re currently experiencing joint pain and have tested positive for COVID-19 or have been exposed to the virus and are experiencing flu-like symptoms. In that case, your joint pain may result from the infection. But, how does COVID-19 cause joint pain?

Because COVID-19 causes inflammation in the body, it may also lead to rheumatoid arthritis flare-ups. Inflammation is a normal immune system response to injuries, infections, and foreign invaders in the body. 

However, suppose your immune system goes into overdrive as it fights off COVID-19. It may lead to inflammation in other body parts, including your joints. This may lead to intense pain and discomfort from swelling around inflamed joints like your knees, wrists, hands, fingers, or toes.

Is Being Obese Or Overweight Causing My Joint Pain?

The simple answer is yes. Joint pain and weight are closely linked. In fact, carrying excess body weight is one of the most common joint pain causes. That’s because extra pounds put more pressure on your joints, particularly in your knees and hips. Obesity may also lead to inflammation, increasing the likelihood of developing conditions like osteoarthritis that may cause joint pain.

Losing weight may improve your symptoms and help prevent further joint damage caused by being overweight or obese. Even losing just a few pounds makes a big difference to your health—and it could help reduce the amount of stress placed on your joints, leading to less pain in the long run.

In addition to reducing stress on your joints, exercise will also increase your overall energy levels and help you maintain a healthy weight. Both of which are essential for managing chronic pain conditions like arthritis.

Do Alcohol And Smoking Affect Arthritis Symptoms And Joint Pain?

These questions are often asked regarding joint pain, and the answer is always yes; the two may have a negative effect. Here’s why:

Alcohol may lead to inflammation in certain people, which you definitely want to avoid if you have arthritis. Smoking cigarettes is also known for causing your body to release chemicals that increase inflammation.

On top of that, alcohol has made some medications less effective. As we’ve seen before with NSAIDs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs aren’t much help if they cannot work in your system. As for smoking, it may interfere with medication that makes use of your intestinal flora (they help digest food and play an essential role in your well-being.)

In addition to making symptoms worse or interfering with treatment plans, excessive drinking or smoking has been linked to the development of osteoporosis and gout. Alcohol consumption has been linked with both conditions. 

Similarly, smoking cigarettes raises your risk of developing osteoporosis even further. This may be due to nicotine’s effects on blood vessels and potentially estrogen production in women.

What Are The Worst Foods For Your Joints?

There are a variety of foods that may make your joint pain worse—and a few that may help. Here are some you might want to avoid:

Sugary And Fatty Foods

Inflammation-causing trans fats and sugars contribute to inflammation and weight gain, injuring joints. Studies have linked polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) intake with increased inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis patients; these PUFAs are commonly found in vegetable oils.

Foods High In Purines

Gout is caused by an excess of uric acid buildup due to the body’s inability to flush the compound through urine. The main culprit behind gout attacks is purine consumption. Purines are naturally occurring compounds in animal foods that break down into uric acid. 

Therefore, it is critical for people with gout attacks to avoid red meats, organ meats like liver (they have the highest concentration of purines), shellfish, shrimp, oysters, and anchovies.

Fatty Dairy Products

Dairy products contain saturated fat and casein, which may trigger joint pain. Instead, opt for non-fat or low-fat alternatives like almond milk or plant proteins like soybeans which benefit you nutritionally but don’t harm your joints.

What Are The Best Foods For Your Joints?

There are no magic recipes to help you avoid permanent joint pain. Still, there are undoubtedly several foods and supplements that have anti-inflammatory properties, may reduce joint pain and inflammation, and may alleviate arthritis symptoms:

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

These compounds may reduce stiff joints and decrease inflammation. According to a study published by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, omega-3 has also been shown to slow down the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. Salmon, trout, and tuna are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids.


In some cases of joint pain, oxidative damage is involved. Foods rich in antioxidants such as fruits like berries and vegetables like kale help prevent this type of damage thanks to their high content of vitamins A, C, and E. Thus, antioxidants may help in joint pain relief by acting on oxidative stress pathways.

How Do I Treat Joint Pain?

Treatment options for joint pain depend on the type of arthritis you have, your overall health, and your joints’ level of damage. Options range from physical therapy, medications, and lifestyle changes to surgery.

Whatever treatment you use, the goal is to reduce inflammation, treat pain, and improve joint function. Some medicines may help ease symptoms with minimal risk and side effects. Others may help slow disease progression if started early enough in the disease. Still, others may be helpful in one part of the body but not another because certain parts respond differently to various treatments.

No matter which treatment you choose or even try several at once — make sure it’s safe for you by talking with your doctor first. Don’t self-treat a long-term condition with limited-use medicines such as NSAIDs unless advised by your doctor. These medicines could cause serious side effects if used too long or in large doses.

Which Doctor To Consult Regarding Joint Pain?

An initial consultation should be scheduled with a rheumatologist for patients with joint pain. Rheumatologists are medical doctors trained to diagnose and treat arthritis and other diseases of the joints, muscles, and bones. They perform detailed patient histories, physical examinations, and laboratory tests to diagnose your condition.

Furthermore, rheumatologists will work with you to develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific needs based on their findings. This may include medication, exercise programs, or occupational therapy. 

Additionally, a rheumatologist will monitor your progress overtime to ensure that your treatment plans are effective in helping you manage your joint pain.

Is An X-Ray Needed For Joint Pain Or Arthritis?

Routine X-rays are not necessary for simple joint pain. However, if symptoms of arthritis are present, or if the joint does not appear normal on physical examination, an X-ray may be ordered. 

Moreover, an X-ray is a quick and relatively inexpensive way to look at the bones and joints for arthritis or joint injury. Some types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, provide necessary diagnostic data that may help determine the type of arthritis you have and the extent of the damage.

Which Exercises Will Improve My Knee (Or Other) Joint Pain?

Exercise is an essential treatment for many people with arthritis. Moving your joints through their full range of motion helps to keep them flexible and mobile and may help relieve stiff joints. 

The right kind of exercise may also strengthen the muscles around your joints and reduce pain. However, not all training is suitable for everyone. It’s important to choose activities that are appropriate for you.

If you have knee osteoarthritis, try a short brisk walk every day and some strengthening exercises for your hip and knee (lunges are one option). Suppose you have hip pain from rheumatoid arthritis. In that case, it may be possible to do some strengthening exercises too – ask your physiotherapist. 

Likewise, suppose you have shoulder pain from osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. It is usually OK to do gentle exercise, such as swimming (your physiotherapist may advise on this). Finally, if you have osteoarthritis in hand joint, try some simple exercises to strengthen the muscles around that joint.

Is There A Permanent Cure For Arthritis Or Joint Pain?

If you have arthritis, treatment aims to control the pain and inflammation. You may manage your symptoms through exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes.

Medications are used to treat the symptoms of arthritis. These prescriptions are also called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). They help slow down or stop joint damage. Some common medications include:

  • aspirin or ibuprofen
  • Corticosteroids
  • DMARDs

Unfortunately, there is no cure for arthritis, but it may be controlled with medication and natural remedies. The goal is to relieve pain and stiffness so that you may move more freely and enjoy a good quality of life. 

Physical therapy may also be helpful for some types of arthritis. Your physical therapist will work with you on strengthening exercises and movement techniques to help improve your strength and relieve pain from arthritis.

Additional Tips

Here are a few additional tips to help you prevent joint pain:

Don’t Stay In The Same Position For Too Long

Sitting at a computer, driving, or standing in one spot may stiffen your joints. To avoid this stiffness, frequently change positions, whether sitting or standing. Also, try moving your wrists and ‘writing’ cursive letters in the air with your hands several times per hour.

Watch How You Sit And Stand

Ensure that you don’t cross your legs or keep them bent under you for too long when you sit. Don’t let yourself slump over when standing either; keep good posture by pulling your stomach muscles and keeping your shoulders back. 

These tips will reduce strain on the joints of your back, hips, and knees and lessen fatigue on other parts of the body, such as the feet and ankles.

Try Not To Lift Heavy Objects Alone

If you want to ensure you don’t get joint pain from lifting heavy objects, you should avoid doing it alone. If an item is too heavy for you to carry by yourself, ask for help from a friend or family member instead of risking injury from trying to do it alone.


If you’ve noticed joint pain, it’s good to speak with your doctor. Joint pain might be an indicator of inflammation in the body. It may lead to more serious conditions down the road.

Additionally, consider ways you may be able to reduce inflammation in your body. It could be as simple as making a few dietary changes or finding new stress management techniques.

Finally, remember that there are different causes of joint pain. Therefore, it’s important not to jump to conclusions before speaking with your doctor about potential underlying issues that may need attention.

5 Risks Associated With Joint Pain

If you have joint pain, you are not alone. Over 55 million people in the United States suffer from joint pain or osteoarthritis (OA). Joint pain may be challenging to live with, and there are many risk factors for common injuries that may lead to this type of pain and other issues like arthritis.

This article will cover the most common risks associated with joint pain and how these factors may increase your chances of developing chronic conditions such as osteoarthritis.

What Is Joint Pain?

Let us first address what joint pain is. In short, it is a common condition that involves discomfort or soreness in any of your body’s joints. The most commonly affected joints are the knees, hands, and hips.

People often think joint pain and arthritis mean the same thing, but they don’t. Arthritis refers to conditions that cause inflammation of one or more joints. However, there are many different types of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis (wear-and-tear arthritis), rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease), and psoriatic arthritis (associated with psoriasis).

Joint pain may occur due to an inflammatory condition such as arthritis; however, other causes do not involve inflammation.

Why Is It Important To Me?

Although joint pain is a common condition, it may affect your quality of life. For example:

  • It isn’t easy to perform daily activities, such as walking or picking up objects from the floor.
  • Chronic joint pain may increase your risk for depression and anxiety.
  • Joint pain may result in impaired mobility and loss of independence.
  • Severe cases of joint pain may require surgery or other medical treatments that carry their risks and complications.

Joint pain may also indicate more severe conditions, including arthritis, osteoarthritis, or gout. Identifying the underlying cause is essential to developing the right treatment plan for you.

What Are The Symptoms Of Joint Pain?

Symptoms of joint pain may vary from person to person. The most common include the following:

Pain And Tenderness

It is often the first symptom associated with joint pain. The affected joint may feel sore when applying light pressure or moving it in specific ways. You also might feel a sharp or burning pain, especially if you’re active. If the pain lasts for more than a week or two, talk with your doctor about treatment options.

Joint Swelling

Your joints might get more prominent if they are swollen because of inflammation. For example, your hands might look puffy and red if you have arthritis in this area due to inflammation.


Some types of arthritis might make it difficult for you to bend and move your joints. For example, rheumatoid arthritis often causes stiffness in the morning that lasts for 30 minutes or longer 10.

Redness And Warmth

A red, warm rash on one side of your body could mean that you might have an infection such as septic arthritis. It occurs when bacteria enter the bloodstream and travel to an arthritic joint.

Loss Of Range Of Motion

You might experience a decreased range of motion if your joints become too stiff and inflamed to move easily. This may cause difficulty finding comfortable positions while sitting or standing at rest.

Should I Panic When I Have Joint Pain?

When’s the last time you felt joint pain? If it has been more than a week or you noticed any accompanying symptoms such as fever, redness, swelling, or warmth—see your doctor. It’s vital to remember that the way you feel today may not be how you feel tomorrow. One symptom may quickly go from seemingly benign to requiring immediate action.

For those with a history of joint pain, it’s even more critical for you to see a doctor immediately. Likewise, those with compromised immune systems should also pay attention to their joints. If any of these apply to you and you feel pain—see your doctor right away!

Joint pain symptoms should be treated as seriously as possible since they could indicate something far more dangerous than simply sore muscles or overworked bones. Remember, it is always imperative to consult a doctor expert in rheumatology if you have joint pain symptoms.

5 Risks Related To Joint Pain

Have you ever suffered from joint pain? It turns out your body is telling you something. Here are five risks associated with joint pain that might be linked to the problem.

  1. Overweight Or Obesity

Having a higher body weight means that you have to work harder to get around and use your joints more often than someone who has a lower weight. This may put extra stress on the joints, leading to swelling, stiffness, and pain.

This is especially true for older adults with joint pain because age-related changes in your muscles, bones, and cartilage may increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis. OA is the most common form of arthritis in Canada, affecting about 1 in 10 Canadians. It causes pain, stiffness, and loss of joint movement over time.

With obesity, some areas of your body will carry more weight than others. For example, if you are overweight and take most of your weight on your hips or thighs, which stresses these areas.

  1. Inactivity

Inactivity is another factor in developing joint pain. Exercise is essential in preventing and managing joint pain, so it’s imperative to stay active if you have arthritis or other conditions that affect your joints.

If you are inactive for long periods, your joints’ muscles become weak. That said, muscles provide less support for your joints, making them more prone to injury and pain. Moreover, weak muscles lead to poor posture and increase stress on certain joints like your lower back, neck, hip, and knee. Reduced range of motion also contributes to poor posture and increases pressure on painful areas of the body.

Physical activity may help maintain strong muscles that support the joint and prevent injuries by increasing flexibility and balance. Regular physical activity helps keep joint cartilage healthy by allowing synovial fluid (the viscous substance that nourishes the cartilage) to circulate through the area around your joint during movement.

If you have persistent or severe arthritis pain, consult your most trusted doctor about what types of activities are safe for you before starting any exercise program.

  1. Genetics

Unfortunately, there isn’t much you can do to control your genetic risk factor. But it’s still essential that you know what they are and if they’re affecting your health. Suppose you have a family history of osteoarthritis, for example. In that case, you may be at a higher risk of developing osteoarthritis as well. 

Similarly, suppose one of your parents developed rheumatoid arthritis when they were young. In that case, you may be more likely to develop the condition yourself. Genetic factors may also affect the risk of developing different types of arthritis. For example, while genetics play a role in some people with lupus, other environmental factors may trigger the disease in others.

Therefore, talk to your doctor if you have a family history that increases your risk of arthritis or joint pain overall. They may be able to offer ways for you to manage your symptoms or prevent problems from developing later on in life.

  1. Injury

Among the most common causes of joint pain is injury. Injuries may affect ligaments, tendons, or cartilage in the joint and lead to pain, swelling, and stiffness. With that said, your doctor may advise you to take an x-ray procedure to check your condition. Injuries that may lead to joint pain include:

Strains Or Sprains

Sprains result when ligaments (the tissue that connects two bones in a joint) are overstretched or torn. Commonly, they occur where ligaments cross over an outer bone (such as the ankle), and the tear might be partial or complete.

On the other hand, a joint strain is tearing ligaments and tendons, which connect muscles to bones. The knee and lower back are two of the most common locations for strains. Because the symptoms are very similar, the conditions are often confused.


When a dislocation happens, one bone in the joint moves out of place. This typically occurs when your joint is hit hard enough with sufficient force to knock it out of position. 

For example, both bones are forced apart at the knee joint in a knee dislocation. This causes severe damage to the supportive structures around the knee, including ligaments and tendons and articular cartilage on either end of each bone (end of femur/thigh bone and top of tibia/shinbone).


A fracture may happen if you fall hard on your knee or land on your foot awkwardly. For example, any sudden impact may cause cracks (fractures) in bones around your joints. A doctor may recommend an immediate x-ray examination if this occurs.

  1. Old Age

The older you are, the more likely you will experience joint pain.

Why? Well, with age comes wear and tear on your joints. As you get older, your bones naturally lose some of their density. This makes it harder for them to withstand stress from everyday activities. 

Moreover, the cartilage that cushions your joints also gets weaker and more brittle over time. That may cause your bones to rub together during movement—leading to pain and swelling in the affected area.

In addition, osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that causes bone spurs (extra bone) to form on the joints, leading to joint pain. It’s also common for osteoarthritis patients to lose some or all of the cartilage between their joints—which may be painful when they put pressure on the affected area by standing or walking.

What Can I Do To Avoid Joint Pain?

Joint pain is most likely everyone will have at some point in their lives. But it doesn’t have to be a lifelong affliction. Here are some tips to help you avoid or lessen the misery as you age. 

  • Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial to reducing the risk of joint pain. Overweight people are five times more likely to suffer from knee pain, as excess weight puts pressure on the knees.
  • Lack of exercise also contributes significantly to joint pain risk. Regular exercise strengthens your muscles and keeps them flexible, which helps prevent strains and relieves stress on joints.
  • Smoking constricts blood vessels, restricting blood flow and oxygen delivery to your bones and muscles. This may worsen existing conditions or cause new ones due to a lack of proper nutrition.
  • Lack of sleep may amplify many physical problems, including joint pain. Sleep is when the body repairs itself, so be sure you’re getting enough rest each night!
  • Good posture increases flexibility by preventing prolonged pressure on any muscle group or area of the body. Additionally, practicing good posture reduces stress on your muscles and joints during everyday movements such as lifting or sitting at a desk for an extended period.

Home Remedies For Joint Pain

If you have joint pain, you may be tempted to give your muscles a rest. However, this is the worst thing you may do for your joints. They need to stay moving. Try doing low-impact exercises such as walking, swimming, or cycling. You should feel them getting stronger within a few weeks. Several things may help with joint pain: 

  • use an ice pack to relieve inflammation in the joint
  • Use heat therapy to relieve stiffness and relax muscles.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medications (e.g., ibuprofen)
  • Wear a brace on the affected area if it feels weak (e.g., knee braces).
  • Use assistive devices like canes and walkers when necessary – they will keep weight off your joints while providing support, so they stay strong!

Another vital part of treating arthritis is eating healthy foods that promote good bone health. For example, eat calcium-rich dairy products or leafy greens like kale or collard greens, which contain vitamin C, which helps fight inflammation and reduce symptoms of osteoarthritis.


Joint pain is a common issue among the general public. Whether caused by injury or disease, joint pain may be a severe problem limiting your ability to be active and affecting your quality of life. If you’re worried about future joint issues or require treatment for existing problems, book an appointment with EG Healthcare.