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The 5 Most Common Types of Pulmonary Diseases

Pulmonary Diseases

When most people think of lung diseases, the first thing that comes to mind is lung cancer. However, there are many other types of pulmonary diseases that can affect the lungs.

In this post, we will look at five of the most common types of pulmonary diseases. We will discuss the symptoms, treatment options, and prognosis for each disease.

Identifying Pulmonary Diseases

Pulmonary disease is a large category of diseases that affect the lungs. The lungs are part of the respiratory system. They help to remove wastes from the body and produce carbon dioxide. 

Pulmonary disease can be caused by either infection or exposure to irritants in the air we breathe. Moreover, it is one of the most common medical conditions affecting adults in the United States. According to statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 20 million Americans have some type of pulmonary disease.

There are many types of pulmonary disease, and they can affect the lungs in many different ways. Symptoms may include coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, fever, or weight loss.

The five most common types of pulmonary diseases include:


Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that can cause chest pain, fever, and other signs and symptoms.

Moreover, pneumonia can be caused by viruses or bacteria, but it’s more common in people who have chronic lung disease (such as emphysema or COPD) or other health problems. The condition can develop quickly or may take several days to develop after you’ve been exposed to a virus or bacteria.

Pneumonia is a leading cause of child death worldwide. It’s most common in older adults and young children.


The signs and symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Coughing or difficulty breathing (especially when lying down)
  • Chest pain or discomfort that worsens when you breathe deeply or cough
  • Fever (usually high) with shivering, sweating, chills, and/or weakness
  • Mild shortness of breath that worsens over time


Treatment for pneumonia depends on the cause, how bad the infection is, and whether you have other conditions that put you at risk. In some cases, your doctor may recommend antibiotics or antiviral medications to treat your infection. Treatment also includes rest, fluids, and medicine to relieve coughing or pain.


Bronchitis is a common respiratory disease that causes inflammation of the lining of the bronchi (the tubes connecting the trachea to the lungs). The bronchial tubes in your lungs are lined with tiny hairs called cilia. When these hairs become damaged, they can’t move properly, which leads to an accumulation of mucus in your lungs.

Bronchitis is often caused by a viral infection or exposure to irritants like cigarette smoke or air pollution. The condition usually lasts about a week and often goes away without treatment. But if you have severe symptoms or complications, you may need antibiotics or other medications.


The main symptom of bronchitis is a cough that won’t go away after two weeks. Other symptoms include:

  • Trouble breathing or shortness of breath
  • Excessive phlegm production (sputum)
  • Fever and chills
  • Chest tightness, pain, or discomfort when breathing in deeply
  • Wheezing or whistling sound when you breathe out (called stridor)


Treatment for bronchitis depends on the severity of your symptoms. Mild cases may not require treatment at all. If you have a more severe case, your doctor may recommend:

  • Antibiotics to treat or prevent bacterial infections
  • Cough medicine (antitussives) to ease coughing
  • Medications to thin mucus and make it easier to cough up

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. It causes airflow limitations that worsen over time and are not fully reversible.

COPD is most commonly caused by smoking cigarettes. It can also be caused by breathing in certain chemicals or pollutants, such as asbestos and coal dust. It can also be caused by an inherited condition called alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

COPD is different from other lung diseases because it worsens over time and doesn’t improve with treatment.


Symptoms of COPD include:

  • Shortness of breath with activity
  • A productive cough that lasts for more than three weeks
  • Wheezing or whistling sound when breathing
  • Chest tightness or pain


COPD treatment is based on the symptoms and severity of the disease. There are treatments available for mild cases of COPD and more serious cases of COPD treatment.

Medications are available to help with symptoms, but they won’t cure the disease. The goal of COPD treatment is to improve lung function and reduce symptoms. This can help you live longer and feel better every day.

Moreover, breathing exercises and physical therapy can also be helpful. A lung transplant may also be an option for people with severe COPD who have not responded to other treatments.

Pulmonary Diseases


Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. It can be managed with medications and lifestyle changes, but it’s not curable.

Asthma can be caused by a variety of things, including allergies and infections. It can also be triggered by exercise or exposure to cold air.


The most common symptoms of asthma are:

  • Shortness of breath (also called dyspnea) or wheezing
  • Coughing, especially at night or early in the morning
  • Chest tightness or pain


Treatment of asthma typically involves using medications that relax the muscles around the airways, making them wider so you can breathe easier. Examples of these medications include albuterol, fluticasone, and salmeterol.

In some cases, doctors may also recommend a steroid inhaler or nebulizer to help open up your airways. If you have asthma, it’s important to use your medications correctly. And, always follow your doctor’s instructions.


Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung condition in which the airways in the lung become enlarged and inflamed. This can lead to permanent damage to the airways.

The most common cause of bronchiectasis is a bacterial infection. However, it can also be caused by viruses or environmental factors. Moreover, having cystic fibrosis increases your risk of developing bronchiectasis.


People with bronchiectasis have symptoms similar to asthma, but they’re not caused by a reaction to an inhaled substance. The most common symptoms are:

  • Coughing up mucus (phlegm) from the lungs.
  • Wheezing caused by narrowed airways in your lungs.
  • Shortness of breath during exercise or other activities that would normally not cause this problem.
  • Fever, particularly at night.


Treatment aims to control the symptoms and prevent further lung damage. The doctor may recommend you take certain medications, such as bronchodilators and antibiotics.

If you have bronchiectasis, you’ll also need to perform breathing exercises. You may also be asked to change your diet to help keep your lungs clear of mucus. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.

Bottom Line

While some types of pulmonary diseases are more common than others, they are all very serious. People should be aware of these diseases and seek medical attention if they notice symptoms. Some of these diseases can be treated if caught early on, but others can’t.

As such, it is important to respect your body and its needs. If you want to know more about pulmonary diseases, book an appointment with us.

Pulmonary Diseases: Causes, Risks, Symptoms & Treatment


Anyone who has ever suffered from pulmonary diseases knows just how debilitating it can be. From the constant coughing and chest pain to the shortness of breath and fatigue, it’s no wonder these diseases are so prevalent. But what are pulmonary diseases, exactly? And what causes them?

In this blog post, we’ll take a look at some of the most common pulmonary diseases and their risk factors, symptoms, and treatment options.

What are pulmonary diseases?

Pulmonary diseases are a group of conditions that affect the lungs. They can be caused by an infection, an environmental hazard, or simply breathing in harmful substances. Pulmonary diseases vary widely in severity, from mild to life-threatening.

Pulmonary diseases can be classified as:

Infectious Pulmonary Diseases

These are caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. They affect your lungs and can sometimes spread to other parts of your body.

Non-infectious Pulmonary Diseases

These are caused by a chemical or environmental hazard, such as asbestos. They affect your lungs but don’t spread to other parts of your body.

Common Types Of Pulmonary Diseases

With so many different types of pulmonary diseases, it can be difficult to know where to start. Here’s a brief overview of the most common conditions.


The inflammation and irritation of your bronchi (the tubes that carry air to and from your lungs). This can result in fever, cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest pain.


An infection in one or both lungs that causes inflammation and fluid buildup. This can result in fever, chills, body aches, and difficulty breathing.


A chronic condition where the airways narrow when they come into contact with allergens or irritants inhaled through the nose or mouth. Symptoms include wheezing or coughing during exercise, which may be triggered by cold air or exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB).

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

A group of lung diseases characterized by airflow obstruction that makes it hard to breathe normally. Symptoms include shortness of breath after exertion, chronic cough, and frequent respiratory infections such as pneumonia.

What are the causes of pulmonary diseases?

Pulmonary diseases can be caused by many factors, including:


Infections are one of the most common causes of pulmonary disorders. These include pneumonia, tuberculosis, and other infections that affect the lungs.

Smoking and second-hand smoke

Smoking tobacco products is the leading cause of preventable death worldwide. It can lead to lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Air pollution

Air pollution can irritate your lungs and make them more susceptible to infection. Cigarette smoke or other noxious fumes can cause respiratory problems and lung cancer. Moreover, some people who work near factories or manufacturing plants are more vulnerable.


Some people are born with genes that make them more susceptible to certain diseases, such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell anemia. While they may not develop these conditions before reaching adulthood, they still have a higher chance of developing them during their lifetime than those without these genes.


Who are at risk of pulmonary diseases?

Pulmonary diseases can affect people of all ages, races, and ethnicities. However, some risk factors increase your chances of developing a pulmonary disease. Risk factors include:


The older you get, the greater your risk of developing a pulmonary disease. People over the age of 65 accounts for about half of all deaths from COPD. Other pulmonary conditions such as asthma and emphysema also become more common with age.


Men are more likely than women to develop COPD, and women are more likely than men to develop asthma or bronchiectasis (a chronic lung condition).

Family history

If someone in your family has had an obstructive lung disease like emphysema or chronic bronchitis, you’re more likely to develop one yourself. This is because of inherited genes or environmental factors that may run in families (familial aggregation).


Smoking causes about half of all cases and makes it harder to treat other lung diseases like asthma or emphysema. A person’s risk of developing pulmonary diseases increases with the amount they smoke and how long they’ve been a smoker.

Exposure to Environmental Factors

Environmental factors like air pollution, secondhand smoke, and dust can also increase your risk of developing pulmonary diseases.

What are the symptoms of pulmonary diseases?

The symptoms of these conditions vary depending on the type of disease. For example, someone with pneumonia may have a cough and fever, while someone with asthma will have difficulty breathing.

The following are some common symptoms:

Shortness of breath

When you have a pulmonary condition, you may feel as though you can’t get enough air into your lungs when you breathe in (insufficient ventilation). This is often referred to as dyspnea or being out of breath. You may also feel like you’re breathing harder than normal or that it takes longer to breathe than usual after exertion or activity.


When you have a pulmonary condition, you may cough frequently. This is often worse at night or in the early morning. A cough can be dry or productive (i.e., mucus-filled), depending on the type of disease. Chest pain

Chest pain

You may feel chest pain when you have a pulmonary condition, particularly if it’s caused by inflammation or infection in your lungs or airways. The pain can range from mild to severe and may feel like pressure, tightness, or burning sensations in your chest area.


When you have a pulmonary condition, you may wheeze when you breathe or exhale. This can be triggered by exercise or activity and can be worse at night or in the early morning. Wheezing is often associated with asthma, but it also occurs in other conditions.


It’s common to have a fever when you have a pulmonary condition, particularly if it’s caused by an infection. The fever can range from mild to severe and may cause chills, sweating, headaches, and body aches. These symptoms may make it difficult for you to sleep.


Fatigue is a common symptom of many pulmonary conditions, particularly if they’re caused by an infection. You may feel tired and have difficulty carrying out your daily activities. This fatigue may be accompanied by an inability to concentrate or focus on tasks at work or at home.


How are pulmonary diseases diagnosed?

A doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history before carrying out an examination of your lungs. They may also order tests to check how well your heart is working and monitor oxygen levels in your blood.

Here are other tests that your doctor may use to diagnose a pulmonary condition, including:

Spirometry test

This test measures how well your lungs are working by measuring how much air you take in and how much force is required to push it out of your lungs

Chest X-ray

This image shows your lungs, chest wall, and heart at one time. It can help rule out other causes of your symptoms, such as tuberculosis (TB) or pneumonia caused by bacteria or viruses in the lungs. A CXR may also show signs of lung cancer or tumors in other parts of the body, like lymph nodes that drain into the chest cavity near the lungs.


This is an examination at the back of the throat and windpipe using a thin, flexible tube with a lighted lens on one end. It’s used to look inside your airways for signs of infection or inflammation.

Blood Tests

These can show signs of infection or other problems in your lungs from the blood vessels inside them or from the heart’s oxygen supply to them.

After these tests, your doctor will know if you need to be treated for a pulmonary disease or whether you should be checked for other conditions.

How to treat pulmonary diseases?

Treatment depends on the specific disease. Some pulmonary diseases can be cured, while others are chronic and need long-term management. Treatment may include:


These include antibiotics to treat infections and other drugs to reduce symptoms such as coughing and wheezing.


In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove fluid or masses from your lungs. Surgery may also be used to repair the lungs or to remove part of them if they are damaged.

Oxygen Therapy

This involves breathing in pure oxygen through a mask that covers your nose and mouth or through tubes placed inside your nostrils or windpipe (trachea).

Lung Transplant

In cases of severe lung disease, a lung transplant may be an option. This surgery can be lifesaving for people who have chronic lung problems and whose lungs no longer work well enough to support life.

How Can I Prevent Pulmonary Diseases?

Here are some ways to help prevent pulmonary diseases:

Quit smoking

Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer and COPD and can also cause emphysema. If you smoke, get help to quit now. The sooner you stop smoking, the better your health will be in the long run.

Get vaccinated against pneumonia

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection that can be prevented with vaccines. The pneumococcal vaccine helps protect against bacterial infections in the lungs, including pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumonia.

Eat Healthily

The diet you eat can affect your risk of developing pulmonary diseases. A healthy diet includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, beans, and nuts. Eating these foods helps reduce your risk of lung cancer and COPD.

Exercise Regularly

Exercise is one of the best ways to prevent respiratory diseases. It strengthens your lungs, which helps them work better. You should aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week. If you can’t do that much, try 10 minutes in the morning and 10 minutes in the evening. Or break up your activity into three sessions of 10 to 15 minutes each day.

Final Note

Pulmonary diseases can be serious if left untreated. The good news is most conditions are actually preventable and treatable. If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms, it’s worth seeking out treatment to keep the disease in check. And as always, if you notice something’s off with your health, schedule an appointment with us.

How to Change Lifestyle for Diabetes


It’s no secret that the American lifestyle is one of our country’s leading causes of diabetes. We eat too much, and we don’t exercise enough.

But it doesn’t have to be that way! You can change your lifestyle for diabetes. You can start taking small steps that will make a huge difference in your quality of life. It’s never too late to change. And the sooner you start, the better.

Here are some tips that can help you change your lifestyle for diabetes:

Clean Up Your Diet

The first and most important step to managing diabetes is changing your eating habits. It’s not enough to just cut down on sugar and carbs. You need to explore a whole new way of eating, one that will help you feel better and look better in the long run.

The first step? Start reading labels and throwing away anything with added sugar and preservatives. You might be surprised to find out how many products have both! Once you start paying attention, you’ll see just how many foods contain hidden ingredients that aren’t doing your body any favors.

Next, make sure you’re getting enough fiber every day—at least 20-30 grams! Fiber helps keep blood glucose levels steady, so it’s important not only for managing diabetes but also for overall health and well-being. What is the best way to get fiber? Eat whole foods like fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds instead of processed ones like candy bars or cookies.

Lastly, make sure you’re getting enough omega-3 fatty acids in your diet. Omega-3s are important for heart health and could help protect against diabetes. The best sources of omega-3s include salmon, walnuts, flaxseed, chia seeds, and dark green vegetables like kale or spinach.

Make Sleep A Priority

It’s no secret that sleep is important. But did you know that getting enough sleep is especially important if you have diabetes?

When you don’t get enough sleep, your blood sugar levels can spike or dip drastically. This can lead to serious complications like heart disease and kidney failure. Sleep deprivation also makes stress levels higher, which can make it more difficult for you to manage your diabetes.

If you want to make sleep a priority, try going to bed and getting up at the same time every day. Avoid using your phone or computer in the bedroom, and turn off all electronics at least an hour before bedtime. You might also want to take a warm bath before bedtime, which can help you relax and fall asleep faster.

Exercise Regularly

Exercise is one of the most important things you can do for your health. It’s good for your heart, your lungs, and your mental health—and it’s especially good for managing diabetes.

Regular exercise can help you keep blood sugar levels in check and reduce the risk of developing heart disease. It may also help control high blood pressure and triglycerides and lower LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels.

Regular exercise, especially if you’re overweight or obese, helps improve insulin sensitivity by making your cells more responsive to insulin. This means that any food you eat will be more efficiently broken down into glucose. In addition, exercising helps burn off excess fat stored in the liver and muscle tissue, which decreases overall body weight.


Reduce Stress

If you’re feeling stressed out and worried about your blood sugar levels, you’re not alone. Stress is a common factor in the onset of diabetes and can also cause your blood sugar to go up. So how do you manage it?

To start, try to keep things in perspective. Remember: Diabetes is a chronic disease that will likely be with you for the rest of your life. But many treatment options are available now, making it easier to live with. If you need help managing your stress levels, talk to your doctor about your best options.

In addition, try some relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation. There are plenty of apps and online resources available to start these activities if they feel intimidating at first!

Another key to managing stress is to find ways to take care of yourself, whether that means getting enough sleep, eating well, or exercising regularly. It’s also important to develop a support system—whether it’s friends and family members who understand what you’re going through.

Quit Smoking

If you want to change your lifestyle for diabetes, quitting smoking is among the most important thing you can do. Smoking is one of the biggest risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes. It can also make managing your condition more difficult. It also increases your risk of heart disease, stroke, and cancer.

If you smoke, talk with your doctor about how you can kick the habit once and for all. The first step is to set a quit date—and then stick with it! You can also try nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), which helps reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms while you’re getting used to life without cigarettes.

Finally, consider joining a support group. These groups meet regularly so members can share experiences and tips for quitting smoking together.

Reduce Alcohol Consumption

If you’re trying to reduce your diabetes risk, it’s important to consider the role that alcohol consumption plays in your life. Alcohol consumption is one of the most significant risk factors for type 2 diabetes. So if you’re looking to lower your risk, cutting back on alcohol is a great place to start.

The best way to do this is by having one drink or less per day. This can be hard if you crave a glass of wine or beer after work or on weekends, but it’s worth it! If you find that you can’t stop at one drink per day, try substituting a non-alcoholic beverage instead (like water).


Get Regular Checkups

Whether you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes or you’re just starting to notice changes in your health, it’s important to get regular checkups. This helps your doctor keep a close eye on your condition and catch any issues before they become serious.

In general, you should see your doctor every 3-6 months. You should get regular checkups from a doctor or nurse practitioner at least once a year. They’ll check your weight and blood pressure, take your blood pressure, and test for glucose levels in your urine. The nurse or doctor may also recommend additional tests, such as an A1C test.

If you have any questions about your health or want to schedule an appointment with a healthcare professional, contact us today!

Bottom Line

If you’re looking for a way to change your lifestyle to help manage your diabetes, the key is to start small.

You don’t have to make drastic changes overnight—just commit to doing one thing differently each day and make sure that it’s something that will help you feel better or healthier in the long run.

One of the best things about starting small is that it makes it easier for you to keep up with your goals. You can celebrate small victories along the way, and when you achieve them, it will make it much easier to keep going forward with your plan.

11 Early Signs Of Diabetes


You might not know it, but you can actually detect a pre-diabetic state by noticing some of the early signs. Presently, nearly 300 million people around the globe suffer from diabetes, which is climbing higher every year. It is important to remain watchful for symptoms of pre-diabetes so you can get them under control before they worsen.

Many people don’t know they have diabetes until it’s too late. However, some telltale signs of high blood sugar pop up way before you have to endure the more drastic symptoms of diabetes. Here are the things you need about the disease, pre-diabetes symptoms, and ways to prevent it.

Types Of Diabetes

There are a few different types of diabetes, and if you’re worried you have it, there are ways to tell.

  • Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes, which usually develops in childhood. People with this form of disease must inject insulin daily to survive.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 Diabetes occurs when you develop insulin resistance and cannot produce enough insulin on its own. You may be able to manage your symptoms with diet, exercise, or medication. However, if left untreated, it can lead to serious health complications such as heart disease and kidney failure. People with type 2 diabetes often have a family history of diabetes, are overweight and are physically inactive.
  • Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes only happens during pregnancy and goes away after delivery. It happens when your body doesn’t make enough insulin for the demands of pregnancy or when your body can’t use insulin properly during pregnancy.

Warning Signs Of Diabetes

If you are worried that you might have diabetes, it’s important to know the warning signs and symptoms so that you can get help quickly. Here are some of the early warning signs you should be on the lookout for.

Being Thirsty All The Time

Being thirsty all the time is a common symptom of diabetes. If you’re experiencing this symptom, it’s important to be sure that it isn’t caused by dehydration or dry mouth before assuming that it’s a sign of diabetes.

It’s important to note that thirstiness and dry mouth can also be signs of other health problems, including kidney disease, infection, or dehydration. If you are experiencing these symptoms on a regular basis, it’s important to see your doctor for an evaluation.

Having To Pee A Lot

Frequent urination may be one of the earliest signs of diabetes. When you have diabetes, your body loses the ability to utilize blood glucose or sugar. As a result, your kidneys will work overtime by filtering fluids and waste products out of your blood to keep up with your body’s needs. It can then lead to frequent urination and dehydration.

If you feel like you have to pee all the time, especially at night, try tracking how often you use the bathroom over a week. If it’s more than eight times a day, this could be a sign of diabetes.

Feeling Unusually Tired

If you’re feeling unusually tired, it could be a sign of diabetes. When your body doesn’t have enough insulin, it requires more glucose to function properly. As a result, your cells will use up all the energy they can get from the food you eat and start using fat as an energy source. This process can leave you feeling tired.

In addition to feeling tired, your body may also experience muscle aches and pains. If you’re feeling unusually tired or experiencing these other symptoms, it could be a sign of diabetes.

Blurred Vision

Blurred vision is a common symptom of diabetes, and it’s one of the first signs you can look out for. This can be caused by high levels of blood sugar, which can damage your eyes and make them more sensitive to light. If you’ve been experiencing blurry vision over the past few weeks or months, this is likely due to high blood sugar levels in your body.

Losing Weight Without Trying


If you’ve been eating the same amount of food but losing weight anyway, it might be a sign that something else is going on. It can be a sign of diabetes, especially if other symptoms like fatigue or thirst accompany your weight loss. Either way, this can lead to high blood sugar levels and other complications like heart disease or kidney disease.

Cuts Or Bruises That Are Slow To Heal

If you have diabetes, cuts and bruises on your body can take longer than usual to heal. Moreover, if you notice that your cuts and bruises aren’t healing as quickly as they used to, it could be a sign that your blood sugar levels aren’t being controlled properly. If you notice this, you should talk to your doctor or healthcare team about getting your blood sugar levels checked.

Dry And Itchy Skin

You might not think about your skin when you think about diabetes. But it’s actually a very common symptom. If you have diabetes, you’re also losing more fluid than normal. That means your skin can get dry and itchy because it’s not getting enough moisture.

Feeling Hungry More Than Usual


If you’ve noticed you’re feeling hungry more often and are eating more than usual, it could be a sign of diabetes. It’s important to note that this symptom is not specific to diabetes but is associated with several conditions that can lead to diabetes over time. Suppose you notice this in combination with other symptoms, such as excessive thirst, frequent urination, or extreme fatigue. In that case, it’s important to consult your doctor.

Tingling, Pain, Or Numbness In The Hands And Feet

If you’ve been feeling tingling, pain, or numbness in your hands or feet, you could be experiencing something called diabetic neuropathy. It is a condition that occurs when nerve endings are damaged in the extremities. It’s relatively common among people with diabetes and can lead to many other complications if not treated properly.

Diabetes is caused by high blood sugar levels, damaging small blood vessels throughout the body. In some cases, this damage affects nerves in your extremities, causing them to become less sensitive than normal (which is why tingling may occur). This damage can also lead to skin ulcers and infections on your feet if left untreated.

Frequent Yeast Infections Or Skin Infections

If you have diabetes, your immune system is not as strong as it should be, which makes it difficult for you to fight off infections. This means that you’re more likely to get bacterial and fungal infections, like yeast and skin infections.

One way to tell if your symptoms are due to a yeast infection or skin infection is by looking at where they occur in your body. Yeast infections usually occur in warm and moist areas like the groin and underarms. On the other hand, skin infections tend to affect dry skin (like on your hands) or cracked skin (like on your heels).

Dark Patches Of Skin On The Backs Of Your Neck Or Arms

If you have dark patches of skin on the backs of your neck or arms, it can be a sign that you’re at risk for diabetes. These patches are called acanthosis nigricans and are caused by an increased level of insulin in the body. The condition doesn’t always mean diabetes—it can also be present in people who are obese.

But if you notice that your acanthosis nigricans have gotten worse, or if you notice it for the first time, talk to your doctor about getting tested for diabetes.

How To Prevent Diabetes


If you have a risk factor for diabetes, there are steps you can take to reduce your chances of getting the condition. These include:

Increase Your Physical Activity

One of the best ways to prevent diabetes is to increase your physical activity. You must make a few changes in your daily routine to get the most out of this strategy.

First, make sure you’re getting at least 30 minutes of exercise at least five days a week. Do something active like walking, jogging, biking, swimming, or playing a sport. You can also use technology to help motivate you: there are lots of apps and trackers that can help keep track of your progress! If you need more specific recommendations, talk with your doctor about what activities might work well for you based on your health history and current health status.

Second, try to avoid sitting down for extended periods throughout the day. Try taking breaks from work every hour or take a short walk around the office. It will help prevent blood sugar levels from rising too high while also allowing muscles in your body to rest up after being inactive all day.

Control Your Weight

If you’re worried that you might have diabetes, there’s a good chance your weight is a big factor. When you’re at a healthy weight, it’s easier to control your diabetes. It’s also easier to avoid developing diabetes in the first place.

It’s important to control your weight to reduce your risk of developing diabetes. And even if you already have diabetes, you must work with your doctor to lose weight and keep it off.

If you’re overweight or obese, losing just 5% to 10% of your body weight can improve blood sugar levels and lower your risk for complications from diabetes.

But don’t just go on a diet. Diets don’t work long-term because dieters tend to rebound when they’re done. Instead of focusing on weight loss, focus on changing your lifestyle to support healthy habits that will last for years.

Eat Right

The best way to prevent diabetes is to eat right. You can’t just eat anything you want—you have to be careful about what you eat. But that doesn’t mean you need to go on a diet. You just need to ensure you’re eating healthy foods and not too many of them. Here’s what you should be eating:

  • Eat lots of fruit and vegetables – These are good for your body because they are full of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. They also help your body digest food better. Fruits and vegetables also contain antioxidants that help prevent cancer and heart disease.
  • Eat whole grains – Whole grains are good sources of fiber, which helps keep your digestive system healthy. They also contain B vitamins like folate, which help protect against heart disease.
  • Eating fish – Eating fish twice a week is a great way to get omega-3 fatty acids into your diet, which helps lower cholesterol levels as well as reduce inflammation in the body, which can lead to arthritis or other joint problems later on down the road when we’re older adults.

Final Note

While high blood sugar is a cause of long-term complications, you must remember that blood sugar control is most effective when you take action early. If you experience any of the symptoms above, don’t ignore them.

Some symptoms can be easily overlooked, and others may even come across as normal or expected as you grow older. That’s why it’s always important to note early signs of diabetes. Get tested, and start taking action to manage your blood sugar levels today.

Symptoms are great signals that something may not be quite right—and it’s always better to catch any disease early on. Early detection is the best way to get diabetes under control. After all, you might not know what type of life-altering damage you’re into if you wait too long to seek help.

Facts About Sugar You Most Likely Didn’t Know

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If you’re not a nutrition expert or doctor, then chances are you don’t know all that much about sugar. Sure, we all know sugar is bad for us, but what does that really mean? And how does it affect our bodies? 

You may be amazed by how much sugar is in your favorite foods and even by the food sources you didn’t think would contain any. Keep reading to learn more interesting facts about this sweet substance:

We Consume More Sugar Than We Think

The average American consumes, on average, 15 teaspoons of sugar per day. This is equivalent to 240 calories a day and more than their entire recommended (100 calories) daily intake. And that’s just the average. If you’re a woman, your consumption may be even greater.

Sugar is in everything from bread and cereal to sauces and pickles; it’s everywhere. In fact, the World Health Organization states that most of the sugars are ‘hidden’ in processed foods. Sugar can be found in most beverages, including soda, fruit juice, sports drinks, and coffee drinks like lattes and mochas. 

Even if you think your drink isn’t sweetened with high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), it could still have both added sugars hiding under different names like dextrose, lactose, maltose, or fructose syrup.

It Will Make You Fatter

You might think that sugar makes you fat because it’s high in calories, but that’s not the whole story. Sugar is actually a calorie-dense food, meaning it has more calories than other foods with similar weights. It also contains carbohydrates in their purest form and provides no nutritional value to your body besides energy.

So why does sugar make you fat? It comes down to the way your body processes excess calories from sugar. Your body converts most of it into triglycerides (a type of fat stored in your liver) which can cause cardiovascular disease when they build up over time. In addition to keeping these triglycerides as fat on your hips and belly, excessive amounts of glucose cause damage inside cells by oxidizing their membranes.

It Is In Everything

It’s not just in the foods we eat but also in the products we use to clean our hair and teeth, moisturize our skin, and make us look more attractive. In fact, sugar is so ubiquitous that it’s hard to avoid it altogether, even if you think you’re doing everything else right.

Furthermore, sugar is not only found in sugar cane. It can be found in some unexpected places too. This includes your shampoo and conditioner, toothpaste, body lotion, makeup, and even hair color. A little artificial sweetener can go a long way when it comes to making something less bitter or bittering something sweeter, and let’s face it: humans love their sweets.

It Is The Reason For Your Sweet Tooth

According to the British Journal of Sports Medicine, it was found that sugar has a similar effect on the brain as cocaine. And it’s more addictive than alcohol, nicotine, and heroin combined. 

You’ve probably heard all the advice about keeping your daily sweet intake under 25 grams, but that’s not enough. The average person in the United States consumes around 77 grams of sugar per day. That’s not even counting added sugars in processed foods and beverages.

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It Affects Your Brain

Sugar is a mood-altering substance that can make you feel happy, but it can also make you feel sad. When we consume sugar, the brain releases dopamine and serotonin in response to the sweet taste. These neurotransmitters are associated with feelings of reward and pleasure. 

It’s no wonder we crave sweets after a bad day or during hard times; they make us feel better. However, too much of this addictive substance may harm your mood by lowering your overall level of happiness and making you irritable when you are hungry. 

This may be due to an increased cortisol level (a stress hormone) in your body after consuming excessive sugar over time. In addition to these physical effects on our bodies and minds, research suggests that overeating sugar is a risk factor that causes long-term damage, such as depression or anxiety disorders.

Sugar Addiction May Be Genetic

Did you know that some people are more likely to become addicted to sweets than others? For example, suppose you have a family member who is diabetic or has struggled with weight issues and eating habits. In that case, there’s a good chance that you might inherit the same addiction. This is because genetics are essential in our body’s response to overeating sugar.

Over time, your body may become accustomed to having higher blood glucose levels in its system and require even more sugar just to feel normal again. As such, it can be difficult for those who struggle with sugar cravings to change their habits even when they know they’re harming themselves by continuing them.

Too Much Sugar Makes You Insulin Resistant

As you may know, insulin resistance is a precursor to diabetes. One of the reasons sugar consumption leads to insulin resistance is because it causes inflammation in your body. When you have inflammation, your immune system tries to fight it by releasing cytokines that make your cells resistant to the insulin signal. This increases the blood sugar level and can lead to type 2 diabetes.

Another reason excessive sugar consumption makes you more prone to chronic disease is consuming too much. With this, our liver starts producing excessive amounts of fat called triglycerides that then get stored in our fat cells. These triglycerides are linked with obesity, abnormal blood pressure, and heart disease.

Fruit Juice And Natural Sugars Are Still Bad For You

You may have heard that fruit juice is part of your healthy diet. After all, it’s full of vitamins and antioxidants. However, this doesn’t mean it’s free from extra calories and carbohydrates. Fruit juices (even 100% pure ones) are still loaded with sugar. And if you drink them in large quantities, they can lead to weight gain and health problems.

The same goes for natural sugars such as honey or maple syrup. While they’re not as processed as other sweeteners like corn syrup. The fructose in these foods still isn’t good for your body because it causes insulin spikes. This may lead to inflammation throughout your body and increased fat storage around your midsection.

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Low-Fat Doesn’t Mean Low-Sugar

A common misconception is that low-fat foods are lower in sugar than full-fat versions. However, the reality is that the opposite is usually true. Low-fat foods often have added sugar to compensate for their lack of fat, leading to increased calorie intake and weight gain over time.

Therefore, it’s important to remember that even if a food label says “sugar-free,” it doesn’t mean there aren’t other sugars present in the food itself. For example, brownies may claim to be “sugar-free” but still contain natural sugars from chocolate chips or cocoa powder, so read those labels carefully.

It Has Toxic Effects On The Liver

You know the liver, right? It’s that big organ that lives in the middle of your body and helps you process what you eat, drink, and do. Also, the liver is responsible for detoxifying your blood and removing toxins, which means it has a pretty tough job.

But did you know that sugar is toxic to the liver? Yes! In fact, overeating sugar can overload your body’s detoxification system and cause a lot of damage to your entire body over time. So if you want to avoid any potential health problems down the road, then it’s essential to keep track of how much sweet stuff you consume regularly.

It Suppresses Your Immune System

When you eat sugar, it causes your body to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels by helping the body absorb glucose from food into cells. To do this, insulin also keeps other nutrients from entering the cells. 

When too many nutrients are in one area of your body, they can become toxic. This leads to inflammatory reactions and problems like acne and poor digestion. Moreover, sugar also affects every cell in your body. It is responsible for many diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.

If you’ve ever had a cold or an infection, chances are you didn’t feel like eating anything sweet at all. Sugar suppresses your immune system by releasing insulin into the blood vessels, making it very difficult for white blood cells (the ones responsible for fighting off infections) to do their job correctly.

It Can Make You Age Faster

It has been shown that sugar speeds up the aging process by speeding up oxidation and cell division in the body. This means that it speeds up the rate at which our cells break down, causing damage to their DNA and leading to an overall increase in aging. 

The more oxidative stress there is on your body, the more likely these changes will occur. Oxidative stress is caused by free radicals (atoms or molecules with unpaired electrons.) These are produced when we overeat sweets and fat, smoking cigarettes, or drinking alcohol excessively, which many older people regularly do.

It Makes You Sexually Impotent

Suppose you’ve struggled with a low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, and infertility. In that case, the culprit could be as simple as your diet. Yes, sugar can make you sexually impotent.

A recent study shows that men who take large amounts of sugar have lower testosterone levels than men with less or no sugar intake. Also, studies show that high sugar intake may decrease sperm quality and affect libido in both men and women. Finally, eating lots of refined carbohydrates such as white bread and pasta can lead to insulin resistance which then causes erectile dysfunction (ED).


Sugar is one of the most destructive substances on the planet. It’s almost everywhere, yet most people don’t know much about it.

It’s been said that sugar can make you fat, but there’s more to it than that. Sugar affects your brain in a way most people don’t realize; it keeps you from feeling full after eating, which means there’s always room for more food. 

Also, sugar messes with your body chemistry by creating insulin resistance and inflammation in your system. This leads to chronic diseases like diabetes and heart disease over time, and sooner if you’re not careful.

5 Ways Eating Disorder Screening Can Help

Eating disorders are some of the most misunderstood mental illnesses. While many misconceptions exist, it’s important to understand that these are serious medical conditions.

It is not just about food and weight. Eating disorder is a type of mental illness that can affect health and well-being. It can also lead to severe medical complications, including death. Thus, it’s vital to seek treatment as soon as possible.

Screening for eating disorders can help identify the signs and provide treatment options for anyone who needs them. Read on to learn more about the importance of screening and how it can help.

Importance of Eating Disorder Screening

Eating disorders can be life-threatening, yet many people do not seek treatment. It is partly because eating disorders are not well understood. Hence, many people believe they are just a phase or a diet gone wrong.

However, eating disorders are serious mental illnesses that can be fatal if left untreated. The longer they go undetected, the more serious they become. Thus, screening for eating disorders is vital to help identify them as soon as possible so anyone can access appropriate treatment options.

Eating disorder screening involves asking questions and conducting physical examinations. It also involves ruling out other conditions that could mimic eating disorders and medication side effects.

How Eating Disorders Are Diagnosed

Eating disorders are not easy to diagnose. Many people with anorexia or bulimia will go years without a proper diagnosis. It is because eating disorders are often dismissed as “just a phase” by those who don’t understand them.

However, with the help of medical professionals and the right tools, it’s possible to get an accurate diagnosis. Below are some of the ways an eating disorder can be diagnosed.

Screening Questionnaires

A screening questionnaire is a short survey that’s designed to help doctors identify people who may have an eating disorder. The survey questions focus on symptoms, behaviors, and attitudes related to eating disorders.

Some of the most commonly used questionnaires are:

The Eating Disorder Examination (EDE) 

This survey is based on the criteria set forth by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). The questionnaire assesses different eating disorder symptoms, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.

The Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI)

This questionnaire is designed to assess the severity of symptoms related to eating disorders. The questionnaire also helps doctors determine whether a person is at risk for developing an eating disorder or has already developed one.

The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ)

This questionnaire is designed to assess the body image issues common among people with eating disorders. The questionnaire is also used to determine the severity of eating disorders. The questionnaire consists of questions that measure perceptions about one’s body shape, weight, and height.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

The Body Mass Index (BMI) measures body fat based on height and weight. It is a number calculated from an individual’s weight and height, which can be used to indicate whether they are underweight, average weight, or overweight. It is important but not the only factor in an eating disorder diagnosis.

Labs And Other Tests

No specific blood or lab tests are used to diagnose an eating disorder. However, you may be asked to take other tests when your doctor tries to determine if it’s the cause of your symptoms. These include a complete blood count (CBC) and possibly other tests that measure electrolytes, kidney function, liver enzymes, thyroid hormone levels, and levels of vitamins A and D.

Symptoms of Eating Disorders

People with eating disorders often exhibit physical, behavioral, and emotional signs and symptoms. These can vary greatly depending on the type of eating disorder and individual factors such as age, sex, and physical health status.

The following are some of the most common symptoms of eating disorders. You may have an eating disorder if you experience one or more of these symptoms:

  • Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat even though underweight
  • Restrictive dieting (starving oneself) or binging (overeating)
  • Extreme weight gain or weight loss
  • Vomiting or using laxatives to get rid of food
  • Extreme aversion to certain foods
  • Obsession with calories in foods or exercise
  • Frequent weighing and measuring of self

5 Ways On How Screening Can Help In Eating Disorder

Screening is the first step in identifying eating disorders. Screening helps identify people at risk of developing an eating disorder and those who need to be referred for further assessment. The earlier someone receives help for an eating disorder, the greater their chances are of recovery. 

Here are some of its advantages to further convince you of its importance.

It Can Help Can Help Identify Eating Disorder Early On

Eating disorders often go undiagnosed because they are not well understood by many people. They can be challenging to identify, and the symptoms may be similar to those of other conditions, such as depression or anxiety.

Screening is an important first step in identifying eating disorders and getting help. It can also help identify people at risk of developing an eating disorder, allowing them to be referred for treatment before they develop one.

There are many different types of eating disorders. The three most common are:

Anorexia Nervosa

It is characterized by a severe fear of gaining weight and intense fixation on being thin. Those who have anorexia often restrict the amount they eat, sometimes to the point of starvation. They may also engage in behaviors like excessive exercise or self-induced vomiting after eating.

Bulimia Nervosa

It is distinguished with binge eating and purging (using laxatives or diuretics) at least twice a week for three months. People with bulimia often feel out of control when they eat large amounts of food. Then, they try to compensate for it afterward by vomiting or using laxatives so their bodies won’t store any fat from the meal.

Binge-Eating Disorder

It is identified by frequent episodes of eating large amounts of food in a short period of time. People with binge-eating disorder may eat uncontrollably even when they’re not hungry. They also feel depressed, ashamed, or guilty after these episodes of overeating.


It is recurrent eating of nonfood items, such as ice or dirt. Eating of nonfood items may last for several months and cause serious health problems. Pica is more common in children than adults but can persist into adulthood.

Rumination disorder

It is persistent regurgitation of food, which is then rechewed and re-swallowed. This behavior is more common in infants and toddlers than in adults. It can cause malnutrition or choke if large amounts of food are repeatedly swallowed and regurgitated.

Restrictive food intake disorder

It is the persistent restriction of food. It results in significantly low body weight and is accompanied by a distressing sense of being overweight despite being underweight. This disorder differs from anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa because it is not associated with binge eating or purging behaviors.

It Can Help You To Find The Right Treatment

Eating disorders are complex, and multiple treatment types are available for each. To best determine which treatment is needed, healthcare professionals need to have an understanding of the patient’s symptoms and diagnosis. This can be achieved through screening and evaluation.

Some people may need only a few sessions with a therapist, while others may need to be hospitalized. Screening can help determine the best course of action for each patient. They can then decide whether they should be referred to specialists such as psychiatrists or psychologists with experience treating eating disorders.

There are many types of treatment available for people with eating disorders. Among the options are:


It is a form of talking therapy that aims to help people understand their thoughts and feelings more clearly. The therapist will also help the patient develop strategies to cope with their eating disorder and other related issues. This type of treatment is often used as a first step toward recovery. It can also be used alongside other treatments, such as family therapy or specialist eating disorder support groups.

Nutritional counseling

It is where a qualified dietitian will assess the patient’s eating habits and make recommendations on how to improve their diet. The aim is to ensure that they get all the nutrients they need while reducing or eliminating any harmful behaviors associated with their eating disorder.

Family-based treatment

It involves the whole family meeting together with a trained therapist to learn how to support the patient and help them recover from their eating disorder. The aim is for all members of the family to learn coping strategies.

Group therapy

It involves meeting up with a group of people who have similar problems as yours. The aim is for you to learn from each other and gain support from your peers. The therapist will lead the group and help them work through any issues.


Some people with eating disorders may benefit from medication. It can be used to help reduce symptoms of depression, anxiety, and insomnia. The type of medication prescribed will depend on the individual’s needs, but some common examples include antidepressants and antipsychotics.

In-patient treatment

It is the most intensive form of therapy for severe cases. It involves staying in a hospital or clinic for several weeks or months. You’ll also receive support from other healthcare professionals, such as therapists and psychiatrists.

It Can Rule Out Other Underlying Health Conditions

Eating disorders are not just mental health issues. They can be caused by an underlying physical health problem such as anemia, hypoglycemia, or thyroid disease. The doctor will perform blood tests to rule out these conditions and ensure that they’re not the root cause of your eating disorder.

They can also rule out other psychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety. It is because the symptoms of these conditions are often similar to those of eating disorders.

It Can Give You Insights Into Yourself And Your Health

By finding out what’s causing your eating disorder, you can gain a deeper understanding of yourself and your health. It is especially important if the root cause isn’t obvious. It can also help you develop future strategies for managing it.

For example, if you have an eating disorder caused by stress, then learning how to manage stress will be vital for your recovery. If you have an eating disorder that is caused by low self-esteem, then learning how to address it will be a crucial part of your recovery.

Helps Health Professionals Keep Track Of Their Patient’s Progress

One of the most critical functions of screening is to help doctors and other health professionals keep track of their patient’s progress. It will enable them to determine whether the patient needs additional treatment or is doing well enough with what they have been given so far.

If a patient is not progressing, this could mean something is wrong apart from an eating disorder. The doctor will then refer the patient to another specialist.

What Should I Expect During My Eating Disorder Screening?

The screening process is quick and easy. It usually takes no more than 15 minutes to complete, and many people find it helpful to have their parents or other caregivers present during the screening.

The first step is to fill out a questionnaire about your eating habits, feelings about food, body image issues, and any other related issues. Next is a brief interview with your doctor. They will ask you questions about the answers you provided on the questionnaire.

Finally, the doctor will take your medical history and perform a physical examination. They may also order blood tests to rule out other medical conditions causing your symptoms. If you need more specialized care, they will refer you to a therapist specializing in eating disorders or another mental health professional like a psychiatrist or psychologist.

What Do I Need To Prepare For Eating Disorder Screening?

The best way to prepare is to make a list of any symptoms you’ve experienced and bring it with you to your appointment. If you have questions about what the doctor will ask during screening, bring those questions along too. It will help ensure that the process goes smoothly and quickly.

Final Note

Eating disorder treatment is a long road. It can take years, or even decades, for someone to fully recover from an eating disorder. But with the right help and support, you can get there. If you or someone you love has an eating disorder, don’t hesitate to seek help. The sooner you get treatment, the better off you’ll be.

Top 3 Causes of Eating Disorder

A lot of different things cause eating disorders. And, despite what most people think, it’s not just about food. Eating disorders are both mental and physical health problems. That’s why they can’t usually be fixed without the help of trained medical and psychiatric professionals.

In extreme circumstances, eating disorders can result in various severe complications and even death if left untreated. In fact, eating disorders are one of the most dangerous mental conditions that we face today.

What Is Eating Disorder?

An eating disorder is a range of mental illnesses defined by abnormal or disturbed eating patterns. These illnesses can damage a person’s physical health, mental health, and ability to get along with others.

Most of the time, eating disorders are caused by an unhealthy obsession with one’s weight, body, and food. This fixation can cause you to act in ways that make it hard for your body to get the nutrients it needs.

Eating disorders usually start when people are in their teens or early 20s, but they can happen at any age. An eating disorder can happen to anyone. And it can affect people of all ages, races, genders, and socioeconomic statuses.

What Are The Three Causes Of Eating Disorders?

Biological Factors

People are more likely to have a mental illness if someone in their family has had one. This usually happens even if the mental illness is not an eating disorder.

Some genes might make them more likely to have an eating disorder. Because of this, eating disorders can show in more than one generation of the same family. If someone in your family is diagnosed with an eating disorder, you are more likely to show signs of having one yourself.

But research doesn’t show that there is a single eating disorder gene or that genes cause disorders. It’s just that some people get traits like fear, anxiety, or perfectionism from their parents that can lead to eating disorders. These moody traits have also been linked to several other mental health problems.

Psychological Factors

Every person is born with a unique mix of traits and tendencies. Having an eating disorder is often caused by the need to reach a certain level of excellence. So, people who are easily hurt by jokes about their weight are more likely to get an eating disorder.

Stressful events in life, like going to college, or big changes in the family, like a divorce or death, can also raise the risk. If you don’t have a healthy way to deal with stress, it can lead to unhealthy eating habits.

People with eating disorders are more likely to have the following traits:

  • Perfectionism
  • Low self-worth
  • Body image obsession
  • Enhanced sensitivity
  • High reactivity to stress
  • Stress and anxiety due to a low tolerance for discomfort

Additionally, either past or present trauma makes it more likely that someone will have negative ideas about food and eating. Some people use extreme dietary restrictions or binge eating to deal with difficult feelings like guilt, helplessness, and fear.

Environmental Factors

Eating disorders can be caused by things in the environment, like how the family works or how people interact with each other. Because a person’s thoughts are shaped by what their family thinks and says about weight, food, and how they see themselves.

Eating disorders are also linked to the social views that people pick up from their friends, social media, and TV. We are constantly surrounded by photoshopped pictures that show unattainable standards of beauty. So, there is a lot of pressure to fit into narrow beauty standards, stressing that low body fat percentages are the best.

Teenagers are more likely to be hurt by social media because their minds aren’t fully developed, and they don’t have many ways to deal with problems. High achievers or people who strive for perfection may be more likely to believe that “thin is beautiful.”

What Are The Three Common Types Of Eating Disorders?

Anorexia Nervosa

The most well-known eating disorder is probably anorexia nervosa. People with anorexia often think they are fat, even though they may be dangerously underweight. They will limit the amount of food they eat to stay a certain size.

People with anorexia are terrified of gaining even a little bit of weight. So they can starve themselves by going on strict diets and working out a lot. Some people with anorexia also do things to get rid of food, like throwing up a lot or misusing laxatives.

This is most likely to happen to teenagers and young adults. Also, it happens more often to women than to men. But boys and men are getting more and more eating disorders these days. This could be because more people are putting pressure on them.

A lot of LGBTQ+ teens and young adults also have eating disorders. More than half of LGBTQ+ youth between the ages of 13 and 24 have been told at some point that they have an eating disorder.

People with anorexia often have a distorted view of their bodies and think they are overweight when they are not. They could only eat small amounts of certain foods and keep track of their calories all the time.

Symptoms of Anorexia

Early signs of anorexia are often missed because the disease moves so slowly. Here are some signs that a person has anorexia:

  • Intense fear of weight gain
  • Extreme weight loss
  • Trying to hide weight loss by wearing loose, bulky clothes
  • Food obsession by counting calories
  • Very restricted dieting
  • Refusing to eat some foods, like carbs or fats
  • Denying their hunger
  • Trying not to eat at mealtimes or in front of other people
  • Putting together fancy meals for other people but not eating them
  • Exercising excessively
  • Putting you down for being “fat”
  • Stopped menstruating
  • Having trouble going to the bathroom or having stomach pain
  • Saying that being too thin isn’t a problem

When asked about their eating habits, people with anorexia usually say that there is no problem. Because they are trying to hide their illness, it may get worse before anyone notices there is a problem.

When a person doesn’t eat for a long time, it can lead to many health problems. How bad these effects are will depend on how long the eating disorder is. The longer the abnormal behavior goes on, the worse it gets. Some of these impacts may be able to go away if they are treated quickly and safely, but not all of them.

Effects of Anorexia

Some of the damaging effects of anorexia are:

  • Heart damage
  • Weak bones
  • Poor reproductive health
  • Dental decay or losing teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Hair loss
  • Dry or yellow skin
  • Muscle weakness
  • Anemia
  • Low blood sugar
  • Dehydration
  • Kidney damage
  • Osteoporosis
  • Changes in brain structure
  • Seizures

Bulimia Nervosa

When someone has bulimia nervosa, they have episodes when they eat a large amount of food. During a binge, a person usually feels like they have no control over what they eat or how much they eat. Anyone can binge on anything, but people typically do it with the food they usually avoid.

It is then followed by purging, an unhealthy way to get rid of the calories they have eaten. People with bulimia will make themselves throw up or take laxatives to get rid of the food. They may also work out too much to make up for how much they eat.

Some of the symptoms may be the same as those of anorexia. However, people with bulimia tend to keep an average weight instead of losing a lot of it.

Symptoms of Bulimia

The signs and symptoms of bulimia may include:

  • Obsession with one’s body shape and weight
  • Fear of gaining weight
  • Multiple instances of consuming abnormally huge amounts of food at a single sitting
  • Using laxatives, diuretics, or enemas after a meal
  • Fasting, calorie restriction, or avoiding specific foods between binges
  • Excessive use of dietary supplements or herbal products for weight loss

Effects of Bulimia

Bulimia can lead to some problems, such as:

  • Terrible self-esteem
  • Relationship and social functioning difficulties
  • Dehydration, which can lead to serious medical issues such as kidney failure
  • Heart difficulties, including irregular heartbeat and heart failure
  • Severe dental and gum disease
  • Absent or irregular menstruation
  • Digestion difficulties
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Personality disorders or manic-depressive illness
  • Abuse of alcoholic beverages or illicit drugs
  • Self-harm and suicidal tendencies

 Binge Eating Disorder

A person has a binge eating disorder if they regularly eat large amounts of food in a short time. And this has been happening for at least six months, at least twice a week.

People with binge eating disorder don’t throw up or do anything else extreme to lose weight. But they might feel bad, ashamed, or guilty about what they did. They may also be upset about how they look after eating, which can make their hopelessness and depression worse.

Almost everyone sometimes overeats. This usually happens on special occasions when there are more chances to eat. The line is crossed into binge eating disorder when the person’s overeating is out of control and happens all the time.

People with binge eating disorder might feel bad about how much they eat and want to break the cycle. But they feel like they have to eat and can’t stop.

Symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder

Even though most people with binge eating disorder are overweight, some may be at a healthy weight. Some signs of binge eating disorder in terms of how people act and how they feel are:

  • Consuming huge amounts of food in a short length of time
  • Out-of-control eating habits
  • Doesn’t stop eating even when full
  • Eating too quickly when in a binge episode
  • Having feelings of humiliation about eating, so they tend to eat alone or in secret
  • Avoiding normal social events and activities

The cycle of binge eating, strict dieting, and then binge eating again is what binge eating disorder is. Even though it doesn’t involve corrective behaviors, binge eating disorder is just as dangerous as any other eating disorder.

Effects of Binge Eating Disorder

The negative effects that happen when you have a binge eating disorder are:

  • Facial acne
  • Hair loss
  • Bloating
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Low energy and sleepiness
  • Acid reflux and heartburn
  • Chronic stomach discomfort

When To See A Doctor?

An eating disorder might be hard to control on your own. Moreover, having an eating disorder can make almost everything hard to do. You should see a doctor if you have signs of an eating disorder or think you might have one.

People with eating disorders often don’t want to admit they have a problem or that they need help. If you worry about a loved one’s health, tell them to see a doctor.

Opening the conversation by showing a willingness to listen can also help. Even if your loved one isn’t ready to admit they have a problem, taking action will help keep things from getting worse.

Final Note

Some things in a person’s environment can make it more likely that they will get an eating disorder. So, positive environmental changes can help stop and treat eating disorders. For example, genes that make someone more likely to have anxiety could be counteracted by having warm, caring parents as a child.

A person with an eating disorder is not to blame for having it. There are too many risk factors for researchers to be able to point to a single cause of eating disorders.

If you think someone has an eating disorder, getting them checked out as soon as possible is very important. Most people with disorders will gain back the lost weight and feel better physically once they get treatment.

6 Signs That You Have Eating Disorder

Are you concerned that you may have an eating disorder? If so, you are not alone. Eating disorders are becoming increasingly common in the United States. According to the National Eating Disorders Association, approximately 30 million Americans struggle with an eating disorder. 

While there are many different eating disorders, they all involve abnormal or unhealthy eating habits. In this blog post, we will discuss six signs that may indicate that you have an eating disorder.

Types of Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are serious medical conditions that can harm a person’s physical and mental health. There are different types of eating disorders. Each type of eating disorder has its own set of symptoms and effects on the body.

Anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that can have devastating effects on a person’s health. It is characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight and a resulting restriction of food intake. 

People with anorexia nervosa often have a distorted view of their bodies. They see themselves as overweight even when they are dangerously thin. Anorexia nervosa is a serious mental illness that can be difficult to overcome without treatment.

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa is a serious and potentially life-threatening eating disorder. It is characterized by binge eating followed by purging through vomiting or using laxatives. 

Bulimia can have severe psychological and physical consequences, including electrolyte imbalances, gastrointestinal problems, and heart failure. 

Binge Eating Disorder

Binge eating disorder is among the most common types in the United States. Approximately three percent of women and one percent of men will suffer from binge eating disorder in their lifetime. A binge eating disorder is when people often eat large amounts of food in a short time.

People with binge eating disorders often feel like they can’t control their eating and may feel ashamed or embarrassed about their behavior. Binge eating disorder is different from overeating because it’s not just eating more food than usual. It’s a behavior pattern often accompanied by feelings of distress and lack of control.


Pica is an eating disorder in which people consume non-food items. This can include anything from paper to dirt to paint chips. Pica often occurs alongside other mental health conditions, such as autism or schizophrenia. 

While the exact cause of pica is unknown, it is thought to be a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Moreover, pica can be dangerous, leading to choking or other health complications. 

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder

Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is an eating disorder characterized by the avoidance of certain foods due to a perceived threat. This may be due to a fear of choking, vomiting, or other negative consequences. People with ARFID often have low body weight and may experience nutritional deficiencies.

ARFID differs from anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa as it is not primarily motivated by a desire to lose weight. However, people with ARFID may avoid certain foods due to a fear of gaining weight. ARFID is a relatively new diagnosis, and there is currently no standard treatment. However, therapy can help manage the disorder.

What causes eating disorders?

Eating disorders are complex conditions that can have a range of causes. There is no single cause for an eating disorder but a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors.

Biological Factors

Biological factors contributing to eating disorders include genetics, brain chemistry, and hormones. For example, some research suggests that people with eating disorders may have a genetic predisposition to the condition. 

Additionally, imbalances in certain brain chemicals, such as serotonin, have been linked to eating disorders. Finally, fluctuations in hormones, especially during puberty and pregnancy, may play a role in the development of eating disorders.

Psychological Factors

Psychological factors contributing to eating disorders include low self-esteem, perfectionism, and a need for control. People with eating disorders often have a negative self-image and view themselves as overweight, even when they are not. They may also have unrealistic expectations for themselves and feel the need to be perfect in everything they do. Additionally, people with eating disorders may use food as a way to gain control over their lives.

Social Factors

Finally, social factors such as the media and peer pressure can contribute to eating disorders. The media often portrays thinness as the ideal body type, leading people to believe they need to be thin to succeed or be happy. 

Additionally, peer pressure can play a role in the development of eating disorders, especially among adolescents. People who are teased or ridiculed about their weight or eating habits may be more likely to develop an eating disorder.

Eating disorders are serious conditions that can have a lasting impact on a person’s physical and mental health. If you or someone you know is struggling with an eating disorder, it’s important to get help. 

Signs Of Eating Disorder

It can be difficult to tell whether someone has an eating disorder. However, there are certain signs and symptoms that may indicate a problem. If you are exhibiting any of the following symptoms, it might be time to seek professional help.

Drastic Weight Changes

If you have suddenly lost or gained a significant amount of weight, it could be a sign of an eating disorder. This is especially true if the weight change is not due to a change in diet or exercise habits.

If you are losing weight, you may notice that your clothes are starting to feel loose. You may also have less energy and feel weaker than usual. If you are gaining weight, you may notice that your clothes are starting to feel tighter. You may also have more breakouts than normal.

Either way, sudden and drastic weight changes can be a sign that something is wrong. If you are concerned about your weight, make an appointment with your doctor to discuss your options.

Body Dysmorphia

Eating disorders are often closely linked to body dysmorphia. It’s a serious mental health condition that causes people to believe that their bodies are much different than they actually are. People with body dysmorphia may see themselves as extremely overweight when they are not, or they may think that a flaw on their face or body is much more noticeable than it actually is. 

Body dysmorphia can lead to dangerous behaviors, such as severe dieting or compulsive exercise, in an attempt to change one’s appearance. It is important to seek professional help if you think you may be suffering from body dysmorphia. Moreover, treating the underlying mental health condition can help address the eating disorder.

Struggling To Eat With Other People

For some people, eating in front of others can be a very anxiety-provoking experience. This is especially true for those who struggle with an eating disorder. Moreover, eating in front of others can trigger all sorts of negative emotions, such as shame, guilt, and embarrassment. It can be a reminder of all the ways in which you feel you don’t measure up to society’s standards of beauty and perfection.

If you’re struggling with an eating disorder, know that you’re not alone. There is help available. Seek professional help from a therapist or counselor who specializes in eating disorders. In the meantime, try to be gentle with yourself. Remember that your worth is not defined by your weight or what you eat. You are so much more than that.

Disruptions in eating patterns

Disruptions in eating patterns are one of the most common and visible signs of an eating disorder. They can manifest in a number of ways, from skipping meals or eating very little to bingeing and purging. Disordered eating often leads to weight loss or gain, as well as other negative consequences like fatigue, headaches, and digestive problems.

Disruptions in eating patterns are often the first step on a dangerous road to an eating disorder, and early intervention is key to recovery. If you or someone you know is struggling with an eating disorder, please reach out for help.

Changes in Mood and Energy Levels

Changes in mood and energy levels can be one of the first signs that you have an eating disorder. You may be extra irritable and quick to anger, or you may have episodes of crying for no apparent reason. This is due to the changes in your brain chemistry that occur when you skip meals or restrict your food intake. 

Eating disorders can also cause anxiety and depression. Moreover, these mood swings can signify that you are not getting the nourishment your body needs. It’s important to be aware of these changes so that you can seek help early on. If you are experiencing mood swings, please talk to your healthcare provider.

Changes in Exercise Patterns

One of the signs that someone may have an eating disorder is a change in their exercise patterns. This could include suddenly working out more often or for longer periods of time or exercising in a way that is obsessive or intense. Exercise can become a way to control weight or shape and can be used as a form of purging after eating. 

Moreover, someone with an eating disorder may exercise even when they are injured or sick. If you notice a change in your exercise habits, it may be a sign that you have an eating disorder and should be evaluated by a professional.

What To Do If You Have An Eating Disorder

If you think that you may have an eating disorder, it is important to seek professional help. Eating disorders can be life-threatening and require treatment by qualified medical and mental health professionals.

Several resources are available to help you get the treatment you need. Here are some things to keep in mind:

Talk to your doctor. 

Your primary care physician can provide you with a referral to a mental health professional or specialist who can help treat your eating disorder.

Contact a national helpline. 

If you need immediate assistance, national helplines can put you in touch with local resources and support.

Seek out a support group. 

There are often local support groups available to help you through your recovery. These groups can provide valuable peer support and guidance.

Consider inpatient treatment. 

In some cases, an eating disorder may require inpatient treatment at a hospital or residential facility. This level of care can be intensive and is typically reserved for cases that are severe or life-threatening.

If you or someone you know is struggling with an eating disorder, please don’t hesitate to seek out help. Treatment is available, and recovery is possible.

Treatment Options for Eating Disorders

There are a variety of treatment options available for those struggling with eating disorders. The most important thing is to seek professional help as soon as possible. Here are some common treatments:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of therapy that focuses on changing negative thinking patterns and behaviors. It can be very effective in treating eating disorders.

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)

IPT is a type of therapy that focuses on relationships and communication. It can be helpful in treating eating disorders by teaching patients how to better communicate their needs and understand the impact of their behaviors on others.

Family-Based Treatment (FBT)

FBT is a type of therapy that involves the entire family in treatment. It can be very effective in treating eating disorders, as it helps to build a support system and teaches healthy coping skills.

Nutritional Counseling

Nutritional counseling is an important part of treatment for eating disorders. A registered dietitian can help patients develop a healthy relationship with food and nutrition.


In some cases, medication may be used to treat eating disorders. Antidepressants and antipsychotics are the most common types of medication used.


In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to ensure that patients are receiving the nutrients they need. Hospitalization can also provide a safe environment for patients to receive intensive treatment.

The most important thing is to seek professional help as soon as possible. Early intervention is key to successful treatment.

Bottom Line

There are a number of signs and symptoms associated with eating disorders. These can vary depending on the type of disorder but may include drastic weight loss or gain, irregular eating habits, an obsession with food or body image, and extreme mood swings. 

If you or someone you know is exhibiting any of these symptoms, it is important to seek professional help as soon as possible. Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses that can have devastating consequences if left untreated.