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Gout Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Do you suffer from joint pain? Is your big toe always swollen and red? You may have gout, a type of arthritis caused by high uric acid levels in the blood. Gout can be a very painful condition, but it can be treated and prevented with some simple steps.

In this article, we will discuss all aspects of gout diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. We will also provide some helpful tips on how to manage gout symptoms. So if you are suffering from joint pain, read on for information about gout and how to get relief!

What is Gout?

If you’re experiencing pain and swelling in your joints, it’s important to see a doctor so they can properly diagnose and treat your condition. Gout is a serious condition that, if left untreated, can cause damage to your joints and organs. If you think you may have gout, schedule an appointment with your doctor today.

Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when too much uric acid adds up in the body. Uric acid is a waste product created when the body synthesizes purines. Purines are found in foods like red meat, organ meats, and seafood.

When uric acid builds up in the body, it can form crystals that deposit in the joints and surrounding tissues. These crystals cause inflammation and pain. Gout most often affects the joint at the base of your big toe, but it can also affect other joints, such as your knees, ankles, or elbows.

Who Is Affected By Gout

Gout can strike anyone. But some people are more likely to get it than others. That’s because gout is often linked to other medical conditions and lifestyle choices. It generally affects men over the age of 40 and women after menopause. But gout can occur in anyone at any age.

Men are three times more likely to get gout than women. This may be because men have higher uric acid levels in their blood. Family history plays a role, too. If your parents or siblings have gout, you may be more likely to get it.

If you have any of the following risk factors, you may be more likely to develop gout:


According to the National Institutes of Health, overweight people are 50 percent more likely to develop gout than people of normal weight. And if you’re obese, your risk is nearly double.

There are a few reasons why extra weight raises your odds of gout. One is that fat cells produce substances that can cause inflammation, and gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis.

Another reason has to do with the way your body processes uric acid. Normally, uric acid dissolves in your blood and passes through your kidneys into your urine. But if you have too much of it, or if your kidneys can’t get rid of it fast enough, the uric acid forms crystals in your joints, which causes the pain and swelling of gout.

Kidney Problems

You may not know this, but you’re at a much higher risk of developing gout if you have kidney problems. That’s because your kidneys aren’t able to remove all the excess uric acid from your blood. And when there’s too much uric acid in your blood, it can form crystals in your joints, which leads to the pain and swelling of gout.


While there are many different risk factors for gout, diet is definitely one of the most important. Certain foods can trigger gout attacks, and avoiding them is crucial for keeping your symptoms under control. Here are some of the worst offenders when it comes to dietary triggers for gout:

Purines: Purines are broken down into uric acid in the body, and too much uric acid can lead to gout attacks. Purine-rich foods include organ meats, seafood, and certain vegetables. 

Alcohol: Alcohol consumption is a major risk factor for gout, especially if you’re drinking beer or hard liquor.

Sugary drinks: Sodas, fruit juices, and other sweetened beverages can also raise your risk of gout attacks.

Medical Conditions

Many different medical conditions can put you at risk of developing gout. Some of these conditions are very common, while others are quite rare. Here is a list of some of the most common medical conditions that can increase your risk for gout:

High blood pressure: This is one of the most common risk factors for gout. Approximately one-third of all adults in the United States have high blood pressure.

Diabetes: This is another very common medical condition that can increase your risk for gout. In fact, people with diabetes are twice as likely to develop gout as people without diabetes.

Obesity: This is another common risk factor for gout. People who are obese have a 50% higher risk of developing gout than people who are not obese.


If you’re on any of the following drugs, you may be at a higher risk:

Diuretics: These are also called “water pills.” They help your body get rid of excess water and salt. They’re often prescribed for people with high blood pressure, heart failure, or other conditions.

Cyclosporine: This medication suppresses your immune system and is used to treat autoimmune diseases like psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: These drugs are often used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure.

Beta-blockers: These drugs are prescribed for heart conditions, anxiety, and other conditions. They include medications like propranolol (Inderal), metoprolol (Lopressor), and more.

If you take any of these medications, talk to your doctor about your gout risk. They may be able to prescribe a different medication that doesn’t have the same risk factors.


Age is often a risk factor for many different diseases and conditions, but did you know that it can also be a risk factor for gout? There are several reasons why age may be a risk factor for gout.

First, as we age, our bodies become less able to process and eliminate uric acid. This can lead to a build-up of uric acid in the blood, leading to gout.

Second, older adults are more likely to have other medical conditions that can increase their risk for gout.

Finally, aging can lead to a decrease in the production of important enzymes that help to break down the uric acid. This can also lead to a build-up of uric acid and an increased risk for gout.

What Causes Gout?

Gout occurs when there is too much uric acid in the blood. This can lead to the formation of crystals, which can then deposit in the joints and cause pain and inflammation. These crystals can also deposit in other tissues, such as the kidney, and cause significant problems.

Normally, the body gets rid of uric acid through the urine. But sometimes, either because there is too much uric acid being produced or because the kidneys cannot get rid of it efficiently, the level in the blood becomes too high.

Many different things can cause this increase in uric acid levels. One is eating foods that are high in purines. These are substances that are broken down into uric acid in the body. Foods that are high in purines include red meat, organ meats, and seafood. Another cause of gout is drinking too much alcohol. Alcohol inhibits the ability of the kidney to get rid of uric acid.

Other causes of gout include being overweight, having certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, hypertension, or kidney disease, and taking certain medications, such as diuretics (“water pills”) or aspirin.

What are the symptoms of gout?

Gout attacks can come on suddenly, and they are excruciating. The most common gout symptom is a burning sensation in the big toe. Other symptoms include:

Intense joint pain: Gout can cause intense pain and swelling in any joint. The most common joint affected is the big toe, but gout can also affect the ankle, knee, foot, hand, wrist, or elbow.

Joint redness: The affected joint may look red and feel warm to the touch.

Lingering discomfort: Even after the gout attack subsides, you may have lingering discomfort in the affected joint.

Inflammation and swelling: Gout can cause inflammation and swelling in the joints, tendons, and muscles.

Tenderness: The affected area may be tender to the touch.

Fever: You may have a low-grade fever during a gout attack.

These symptoms can last for a few days to several weeks. If you experience any of these symptoms, see your doctor. Gout is treatable, and the sooner you start treatment, the better. Left untreated, gout can lead to more serious health problems.

When to see the doctor?

If you’re experiencing gout symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor as soon as possible. But how do you know when your symptoms are serious enough to warrant a trip to the doctor?

If you have any of the following symptoms, it’s time to see a doctor:

-You experience severe pain in your joints

-The pain is accompanied by swelling, redness, and warmth in the affected area

-You have difficulty moving or using the affected joint

-The pain wakes you up at night

-You have a fever or chills along with your joint pain

Gout Diagnosis

So, how does a doctor diagnose gout? Doctors usually diagnose gout based on the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and a physical examination. They may also order blood tests or other diagnostic tests to rule out other conditions.

Tests to diagnose gout may include:

Blood Test: A blood test can measure uric acid levels in your blood. High levels of uric acid may indicate gout. Some individuals may have high levels of uric acid but never experience gout. At the same time, others may have normal levels of uric acid but experience gout attacks.

Joint Fluid Test: In this test, the doctor takes a small sample of fluid from the affected joint with a needle. The fluid is then analyzed for uric acid crystals.

X-ray: An x-ray can show evidence of gout, but it usually does not show up until the disease has caused damage to bones or joints.

Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create pictures of the inside of your body. It can be used to look for uric acid crystals in the joints.

Dual-energy computerized tomography: This test can detect uric acid crystals in the joints without a joint fluid sample. The test combines different angles of x-ray images to create a more detailed image.

Treatments for gout

For many people, gout is a painful and debilitating condition. But there are treatments available that can help lessen the pain and improve your quality of life.

There are two main types of treatment for gout: medical and lifestyle changes. Medical treatment usually involves medication to reduce the inflammation and pain associated with gout attacks. Lifestyle changes usually involve making changes to your diet and exercise habits.

Both medical and lifestyle treatments can be effective in managing gout. But it’s important to work with your doctor to find the best treatment plan for you.

Medical Treatment

Drugs to treat gout attacks

Many different drugs can be used to treat gout. Some of these drugs are over the counter, while others require a prescription from your doctor. The most important thing to remember is that you need to take the medication as directed by your doctor to get the best results.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These drugs can help to reduce the pain and swelling associated with gout attacks. NSAIDs include over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve). Prescription NSAIDs include indomethacin (Indocin) and celecoxib (Celebrex).

Colchicine: This drug is often the first choice for treating gout attacks. It can be taken as a pill or given as an injection. Colchicine works by reducing the inflammation associated with gout attacks.

Corticosteroids: These drugs can be taken as pills, injections, or IV infusions. Corticosteroids work by reducing the inflammation associated with gout attacks.

Drugs to prevent gout complications

If you frequently experience gout attacks, there are certain medications your doctor may prescribe to prevent complications or more frequent attacks.

Drugs that block uric acid production: Medications such as allopurinol and febuxostat help prevent gout by reducing uric acid levels in the blood. However, these drugs have side effects, so be sure to talk to your doctor before starting any new medication.

Drugs that increase uric acid excretion: Medications such as probenecid and sulfinpyrazone can help the body get rid of uric acid through the urine. These drugs may have side effects, so again, be sure to talk to your doctor before starting any new medication.

Lifestyle Changes

If you have gout, you can make some lifestyle changes to help ease the symptoms and keep the condition from getting worse. These include:

Drinking plenty of water

There are many benefits to drinking water and keeping hydrated. Did you know that one of the benefits is treating gout? By increasing your water intake, you can help reduce the pain and swelling associated with gout.

But how does water help treat gout? When you drink more water, your body will flush out the uric acid that builds up and causes gout. Additionally, water helps to reduce inflammation and keep your joints lubricated.

There are a few ways to increase your water intake. One way is to carry a water bottle with you everywhere you go and make sure you drink at least eight glasses of water a day. Another way is to eat foods high in water content, such as fruits and vegetables. And lastly, you can try adding some flavor to your water by adding a slice of lemon or lime.

Lose weight

Losing weight may not be the only factor in treating your gout, but it is important. Obesity is a risk factor for developing gout, and losing weight can help lower your uric acid levels and reduce inflammation.

If you are carrying around extra weight, losing even a few pounds can make a difference in your gout symptoms. However, losing weight is not always easy, but it is worth it to treat your gout.

With the help of your doctor, you can develop a plan to lose weight safely and effectively. This will help you get your gout under control and improve your overall health. So don’t wait; start working on losing weight today!

Healthy diet

While there is no one “cure” for gout, making some changes to your diet can go a long way in helping to manage the condition and prevent flare-ups.

Limit your intake of purine-rich foods. Purines are a natural compound found in many foods, and when they break down, they form uric acid. Uric acid is what leads to gout flare-ups. So, limiting foods high in purines can help prevent gout attacks.

Increase your intake of low-purine foods. As you limit your intake of purine-rich foods, it’s important to ensure you’re getting enough other nutrients by increasing your intake of low-purine foods. Some examples of low-purine foods include most fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and dairy products.

Avoid Alcohol Consumption

We all know that alcohol can be bad for our health, but did you know that it can also trigger gout? Avoiding alcohol can help prevent attacks and relieve symptoms. So if you’re suffering from gout, it might be time to give up the booze! Here are a few tips on how to do it:

Find an alternative. If you’re used to drinking alcoholic beverages, find a non-alcoholic alternative that you enjoy. There are many delicious mocktails and alcohol-free beers on the market nowadays.

Pace yourself. When you drink, pace yourself by having one drink followed by a glass of water. This will help prevent dehydration, which can trigger gout attacks.

Choose your drinks wisely. If you’re going to drink alcohol, choose drinks lower in purines. Purines are a type of protein that breaks down into uric acid, which can cause gout attacks. Wine and light beers are generally lower in purines than spirits and dark beers.

Regular Exercise

Exercise isn’t just good for your overall health- it can also help treat gout! Those regular trips to the gym (or even just a brisk walk around the block) can help ease the pain and swelling associated with this condition. Here’s how:

When you exercise, your body releases endorphins. These are the “feel good” chemicals that can help to boost your mood and ease the pain. They can also help to reduce inflammation, which is a key component of gout.

Exercise also helps to increase circulation. This is important because it helps flush out the uric acid built up in your joints. This can help to reduce the pain and swelling associated with gout attacks.

How to prepare for your appointment

You’ve been dealing with gout for a while now, and you’re finally ready to see a doctor. But before you do, there are a few things you should know! Here’s how to prepare for a doctor’s appointment for gout.

Write down your symptoms: Before you even step into the doctor’s office, you should have a list of all the symptoms you’ve been experiencing. This will help your doctor make a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan.

Do some research: Gout is a complex condition, and the more you know about it, the better. Do some reading on gout before your appointment to be an informed patient.

Bring a friend or family member: It’s always helpful to have someone else with you to take notes or just offer moral support.

Be prepared to talk about your diet: Your diet is a big factor in managing gout, so be prepared to talk about what you eat and drink regularly.

Make a list of questions: You probably have many questions about gout- what causes it, how it can be treated, etc. Write them all down, so you don’t forget to ask any of them!

Some questions to ask your doctor about gout may include:

-What are the possible causes of my gout?

-Are there any lifestyle changes I can make to help manage my gout?

-What are some potential treatments for my gout?

-What are the risks and side effects of each treatment option?

-How often should I come in for checkups?

Take your time: Don’t feel like you have to rush through your appointment. This is your chance to get all the information you need about gout, so take your time and ask all the questions you have.

What to expect from your doctor

You can expect your doctor to ask you a lot of questions. They’ll want to know about your symptoms and how often you experience them. They’ll also ask about your medical history and any medications you’re currently taking. Be prepared to answer all of these questions as honestly as possible.

Your doctor will also likely perform a physical examination. They’ll check your joints for swelling and pain and may order blood tests to check for elevated uric acid levels. If you have gout, your doctor will likely prescribe medication to help manage the condition. Be sure to follow their instructions carefully and take all of your medications as prescribed.

With proper treatment, you can expect your gout symptoms to improve. You may still have flare-ups from time to time, but they should become less frequent and less severe. With good management, you can live a normal, healthy life despite having gout. Talk to your doctor about what you can do to keep your symptoms under control. They can help you develop a treatment plan that’s right for you.

If you have gout, it’s important to see your doctor regularly. They can monitor your condition and adjust your treatment if necessary. They can also answer any questions you may have about living with gout. So don’t be afraid to ask! Your doctor is there to help you.

The Bottom Line

Gout is a form of arthritis that can cause severe pain and swelling in the joints. If you think you might have gout, the best thing to do is see your doctor. They can give you a diagnosis and talk to you about treatment options. You can also do some things to help prevent gout attacks, like keeping your weight under control and avoiding foods that trigger attacks. With the right diagnosis and treatment plan, you can keep your gout under control and live a normal, active life.

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms we’ve mentioned or have questions about gout, call our office to make an appointment with one of our providers. We’re here to help you get on the road to feeling better!