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3 Common Types Of Diabetes

We’re not going to sugar-coat it: diabetes is a serious condition. And, with so many different types of diabetes, it can be hard to know where to start.

But we want you to know that it’s not all doom and gloom! Diabetes is manageable, and there are steps you can take to manage your condition. With the right information and support, you can make the most of your life with diabetes.

This article will introduce you to the different types of diabetes and give you an overview of what you can do to manage your condition. So, read on and get a better understanding of the condition.

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition that affects the way your body uses glucose (a type of sugar). Glucose comes from the food you eat, and it’s the main source of fuel for your body. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. As a result, glucose builds up in your blood instead of being used as fuel, which can lead to serious health problems over time.

Diabetes can be divided into three main types:

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes affects around 5-10% of the diabetic population. It is triggered by an autoimmune response in which the body’s defense system attacks insulin-producing cells. So, the body produces little or no insulin on its own. The specific cause of this type of diabetes is unknown, but it may be linked to genetics or environmental factors.

Type 1 diabetes usually affects young adults, though it can develop at any age. There is no way to prevent the disease, but it can be managed with insulin injections and a healthy diet.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme thirst
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Feeling very tired all the time
  • Blurred vision
  • Bedwetting

Management Of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes requires daily insulin injections to keep blood sugar levels under control. People with type 1 diabetes also need to eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly.

Moreover, regular blood glucose monitoring is essential for people with Type 1 Diabetes. Self-monitoring of blood glucose levels enables individuals with diabetes and their doctors to understand how their blood sugar levels change throughout the day. This also allows treatment to be modified accordingly.

Prevention Of Type 1 Diabetes

It’s not possible to prevent type 1 diabetes, but there are steps you can take to reduce the chances of aggravating the condition. These include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease, and it’s on the rise. In the United States alone, more than 29 million people have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes—and it’s estimated that another 86 million may be living with undiagnosed disease. Moreover, Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for 90% of cases.

This type is characterized by insulin resistance, which means that the body doesn’t respond to insulin properly. This can lead to high blood sugar levels, which can cause other serious health problems.

Since the insulin isn’t working properly, the body tries to compensate by producing more insulin. This may lead to pancreatic exhaustion, lower insulin production, and even higher blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) for certain persons with type 2 diabetes.

Although type 2 diabetes has typically been diagnosed in adults, increased rates of obesity, lack of physical activity, and poor nutrition have led to an increase in the prevalence of the disease among children, adolescents, and young adults.

Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes

Several factors are associated with type 2 diabetes, including:

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Overweight
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Physical inactivity
  • Increasing age
  • High blood pressure
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
  • History of gestational diabetes

Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes are nearly identical to those of type 1 and include:

  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth
  • Frequent urination
  • Lack of energy, tiredness
  • Slow healing wounds
  • Recurrent infections in the skin
  • Blurred vision
  • Tingling or numbness in hands and feet.

Because these symptoms might be subtle or nonexistent, patients with type 2 diabetes may go undiagnosed for many years.

Management Of Type 2 Diabetes

The goal of diabetes management is to maintain blood glucose levels within a normal range, preventing long-term complications of the disease. Moreover, adopting a healthy lifestyle—one that includes eating well, getting enough exercise, avoiding smoking, and keeping a healthy weight—is the cornerstone for controlling type 2 diabetes.

Prevention Of Type 2 Diabetes

The good news is that there are ways to prevent type 2 diabetes or at least delay its onset. You can start by following a healthy diet and staying physically active. If you are overweight, losing weight can lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. In addition, maintaining a healthy weight helps prevent or delay the onset of other chronic conditions such as heart disease and stroke.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that affects pregnant women. It’s usually discovered during pregnancy, although it may be undiagnosed until after delivery. Moreover, approximately 7% of all pregnant women have gestational diabetes.

Gestational diabetes usually goes away after you give birth, but it could also lead to type 2 diabetes later in life if you don’t manage it properly. Gestational diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes because it isn’t due to an autoimmune disorder but rather to high levels of insulin resistance during pregnancy.

Symptoms Of Gestational Diabetes

The most common signs of gestational diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue
  • Extreme hunger
  • Blurred vision

These symptoms may come and go throughout pregnancy.

Management Of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is usually temporary and disappears after delivery. However, it does increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

If you have gestational diabetes, you’ll need to be monitored closely throughout your pregnancy. Your doctor will prescribe an exercise program and diet plan designed to help control your blood sugar levels and prevent complications from occurring.

Prevention Of Gestational Diabetes

One of the best ways to prevent gestational diabetes is to get moving. Exercise can help improve your insulin sensitivity, which is particularly important during pregnancy.

Another key factor in preventing gestational diabetes is diet. In particular, you should avoid excess sugar and carbohydrates like white bread, pasta, and potatoes. Instead, focus on eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains (such as brown rice), and lean protein sources like fish or chicken breast.


Prediabetes is a condition that affects your blood sugar levels. It’s a precursor to type 2 diabetes, and it means that your body is starting to make insulin less effectively. It’s estimated that about 1 in 3 people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within ten years.

Prediabetes can cause symptoms like increased thirst and urination, blurred vision, and fatigue. But some people with prediabetes don’t have any symptoms at all.

If you’re unsure whether you have prediabetes, talk to your doctor about getting tested for it. They can help you make a plan to keep your blood sugar levels under control so that you can prevent full-blown diabetes from developing later on down the road.

What Are The Potential Complications Of Diabetes?

The complications of diabetes can be divided into two categories: acute and chronic complications. Acute complications arise suddenly and occur during the initial stage of the disease, while chronic complications develop over time and continue to progress as the disease continues.

Acute Complications:

  • Hypoglycemia
  • Hyperglycemia
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Chronic complications include:

  • Vessel disease, which can lead to heart attack or stroke
  • Eye problems
  • Infection or skin conditions
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Amputations due to neuropathy or vessel disease

Moreover, high blood sugar levels during pregnancy can increase the risk of:

  • High blood pressure
  • Preeclampsia
  • Miscarriage or stillbirth
  • Birth defects

Bottom Line

We know that diabetes can be a scary thing, but we hope this article has given you some insight into the different types of diabetes and how they affect your body. Whether you’re just starting to notice symptoms or are already living with the disease, it’s important to know what’s going on inside you and how it will impact your life moving forward.

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to talk to your doctor right away. Early detection and treatment can help you manage your diabetes and protect your health.